Pope Francis has said i n his Christmas Day speech that hopes for a better world, including successful Middle East negotiations in the land of Jesus's birth, peace for Syria and several war-torn African countries, and dignity for refugees fleeing misery and conflict.
Francis spoke from the central balcony of St Peter's Basilica in the Vatican to some 70,000 cheering tourists, pilgrims and Romans in the square below. He said he was joining all those hoping "for a better world".
The pope prayed that Jesus, the "prince of peace", would "bless the land where you chose to come into the world and grant a favorable outcome to the peace talks between Israelis and Palestinians. Heal the wounds of the beloved country of Iraq, once more struck by frequent acts of violence".
Francis then explained his concept of peace.
"True peace is not a balancing of opposing forces. It's not a lovely facade which conceals conflicts and divisions," the pope said in his first Christmas message since being elected in March.
"Peace calls for daily commitment," Francis said, reading the pages of his speech which were ruffled by a chilly wind.
Recalling the hundreds of migrants who drowned trying to reach European shores, Francis also prayed that refugees receive hope, consolation and assistance.