Thursday 29 September 2016

North Korea 'successfully tests long-range rocket engine'

Published 09/04/2016 | 04:56

What is believed to be an improved version of the KN-08 intercontinental ballistic missile is paraded in Pyongyang during the 70th anniversary celebrations of its ruling party's creation (AP)
What is believed to be an improved version of the KN-08 intercontinental ballistic missile is paraded in Pyongyang during the 70th anniversary celebrations of its ruling party's creation (AP)

North Korean leaders claim to have successfully tested a new intercontinental ballistic rocket engine that will give it the ability to stage nuclear strikes on the US.

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The engine's ground test, if true, would be a big step forward for the North's nuclear weapons programme, which saw its fourth atomic test earlier this year.

However, the North may still need a good deal of work before it can hit the US mainland with nuclear missiles. South Korean officials say North Korea does not yet have a reliable intercontinental ballistic missile, let alone the ability to arm it with a nuclear warhead.

The test, announced by the North's official Korean Central News Agency, is only the latest in a string of what Washington and its allies consider North Korean provocations, including last month's launch of a medium-range ballistic missile that violated UN Security Council resolutions that prohibit any ballistic activities by North Korea.

It was the North's first medium-range missile launch since early 2014.

In Washington, US state department spokesman Mark Toner called on North Korea to "refrain from actions and rhetoric that further destabilise the region and focus instead on taking concrete steps toward fulfilling its commitments and international obligations".

The North has also threatened pre-emptive nuclear strikes against Washington and Seoul and fired short-range missiles into the sea in an apparent response to ongoing US-South Korean military drills and tough UN sanctions imposed over the recent nuclear test and a long-range rocket launch earlier this year.

Some analysts think young leader Kim Jong Un's belligerent stance is linked to a major ruling party congress next month meant to further cement his grip on power.

The outside pressure and anger caused by bombastic threats and repeated nuclear-related tests, the argument goes, is meant to rally the North Korean people around Mr Kim as he stands up to powerful enemies trying to crush the North.

With typical rhetorical flourish, the North's KCNA said that Mr Kim was delighted as the "higher-power" rocket engine spewed out "huge flames with (a) deafening boom" during the ground test at the Sohae Space Center in the country's north-west, the site of February's long-range rocket launch.

The agency quoted Mr Kim as saying that the North can now tip intercontinental ballistic missiles with more powerful nuclear warheads that could keep the US mainland within striking distance and "reduce them to ashes so that they may not survive in our planet".

The North recently has gone to great lengths to tout alleged advancements in its nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programmes.

Those claims have often been met with doubt by South Korean officials and experts. The North's official media on March 9 showed a smiling Mr Kim posing with nuclear scientists beside what appeared to be a model trigger device of a nuclear warhead. Kim declared that warheads had been miniaturised for use on ballistic missiles.

The North has also claimed to have mastered a re-entry technology designed to protect a warhead from extreme heat and other challenges when it returns to the atmosphere from space following a missile launch.

It also said it had successfully conducted a high-powered, solid-fuel rocket engine test. Solid-fuel missiles are generally harder to detect before they are launched than liquid-fuel missiles.

The most recent test, like all the North's atomic and missile claims, will cause worry in Washington and the North's neighbours, but outsiders have so far been powerless to stop the North's nuclear progress. International disarmament talks have been stalled for years and increasingly tough sanctions have done little to dissuade Pyongyang from pushing forward.

Press Association

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