Robert Mugabe has been sworn in for another five-year term as president of Zimbabwe after disputed elections in which the opposition alleged widespread vote-rigging.
Mugabe, 89, took the oath of office at a 60,000-seat sports stadium which was filled almost to capacity.
Chief Justice Godfrey Chidyausiku bedecked him with a green, red, black and gold presidential sash and the gold chain of office.
Mugabe, who led Zimbabwe to independence in 1980, signed a declaration pledging to protect the rights of the people.
The main opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change, said in a statement that it would not attend the event, calling it "a robber's party".
Zimbabwe's state election panel said Mugabe won a landslide victory in the July 31 elections.