News Middle East

Thursday 28 August 2014

US steps up Iraq drone flights amid intelligence doubts

David Usborne

Published 01/07/2014 | 02:30

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<a href='http://cdn1.independent.ie/incoming/article30396228.ece/ee8f3/binary/NEWS-Iraq-militants.png' target='_blank'>Click to see a bigger version of the graphic</a>
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The US military will be stepping up the use of its drones after recent increased activity by Isis
The US military will be stepping up the use of its drones after recent increased activity by Isis
A fighter of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) holds an ISIL flag and a weapon on a street in the city of Mosul. MALIKI/REUTERS/Stringer/Files
A fighter of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) holds an ISIL flag and a weapon on a street in the city of Mosul. MALIKI/REUTERS/Stringer/Files

The United States is rapidly stepping up surveillance activity over and inside the contested areas of Iraq, even as officials try to analyse whether a broad failure of intelligence over recent months and even years was partly responsible for Washington being caught off guard by the Isis advance across the country.

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The new effort, which includes flying between 30 and 35 drone flights daily, some of them armed with air-to-surface missiles, is aimed at assessing the strength of the Isis forces on the ground and identifying targets for possible future missile strikes against them by the US. In addition, about 200 of the 300 special advisers ordered to Iraq 10 days ago by President Obama are believed to be on the ground now.

Gaps

Filling in evident gaps in intelligence, some as a result of the final pullout of US troops by Mr Obama in 2011, is now a priority and will become only more so after yesterday's Isis declaration of a caliphate.

Also helping to assess the scope for possible US strikes will be the advisers, many of whom are special forces personnel. While some will remain in Baghdad, others will fan out to joint command centres beyond the capital.

"We have to improve our surveillance, reconnaissance, intelligence there," Mr Obama told ABC News on Sunday, reiterating that targeted airstrikes remain an option. "Special forces are going to have a role. And there are going to be times where we take strikes against organisations that could do us harm."

Both the White House and the CIA have been on the defensive over allegations that Washington failed to anticipate the strength of Isis.

"The reality is we lost major intelligence and military footprint in 2011 when we withdrew our forces," said Juan Zarate, a deputy national security adviser for George W Bush.

Meanwhile, the audacious declaration of the establishment of a new Islamic state made by the al-Qa'ida breakaway group Isis has sparked celebrations in its Syrian stronghold but condemnation elsewhere.

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isis) has overrun much of northern Syria and neighbouring Iraq

It unilaterally announced the creation of a new Islamic caliphate – a state governed by Shariah law – in an audio recording released late on Sunday night. (© Independent News Service)

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