Monday 25 September 2017

Thousands protest against Houthi rule in Yemen after embassies close

* US, UK and France shut embassies over security concerns
* Houthi gunmen deployed in force as crowds protest
* Houthis advance south where tribes vow to resist

The country has been unstable since the government was overthrown
The country has been unstable since the government was overthrown

Mohammed Ghobari

Yemenis in the central city of Taiz and the capital Sanaa held the largest protests yet against a takeover by a Shi'ite Muslim militia group after the United States, Britain and France shut their embassies in Yemen over security fears.

The Iranian-backed Houthi movement has called its seizure of power in Yemen a "revolution" and says it wants to rid the country of corruption and economic peril.

Yemen has long been at the forefront of the U.S.-led war against al Qaeda but the long-standing alliance between Washington and Sanaa appears to have ended for now.

On Tuesday, the United States stopped work at its embassy and withdrew its diplomatic staff, and France and Britain followed suit on Wednesday.

Yemenis rallying against the Houthi takeover and parliament dissolution
Yemenis rallying against the Houthi takeover and parliament dissolution

Employees of the German embassy said its mission was also getting rid of sensitive documents and would soon close. .

The Houthis, who overran Sanaa in September and formally took power last week, are stridently anti-American, and chant "death to America" at rallies. Their leader Abdel Malik al-Houthi has also blasted what he calls Western meddling in Yemen.

"Recent unilateral actions disrupted the political transition process in Yemen, creating the risk that renewed violence would threaten Yemenis and the diplomatic community in Sanaa," U.S. State Department spokesperson Jen Psaki said.

But Houthi struck a conciliatory tone in a televised speech on Tuesday.

"It is in the interest of every power, domestic and foreign, to stabilise this country," he said.

But Houthi forces advanced far into the south on Tuesday night, according to local officials, continuing with their of expansion of recent months which has angered many and is raising fears of an all-out civil war.

Leaders and Sunni tribesmen in the southern and eastern regions, which the group has yet to seize, are arming themselves against their push and are in some cases making common cause with Yemeni Al Qaeda militants.

Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), one of the global militant group's most powerful arms, has repeatedly bombed and attacked Houthi targets along with the tribesmen.

Other tribes from Yemen's formerly independent South, which has clamoured for secession for almost a decade, vowed on Wednesday to repel any Houthi attack.

The Houthi forces are bolstered by army units widely believed to maintain loyalty to ex-president Ali Abdullah Saleh.

Saleh and his former ruling party have denied an attempt to settle old scores and reassert its control over the country through the Houthis.

SHOTS, DAGGERS

Houthi fighters, bedecked in tribal robes and automatic rifles, were out in force manning checkpoints and guarding government buildings they control in the capital.

Gunmen shot in the air and thrust daggers at hundreds of protesters opposing their rule.

In Taiz, which the Houthis do not control, huge crowds of tens of thousands carried banners and chanted slogans against the group.

Opponents of the Houthi group, including Yemen's rich Sunni Gulf Arab neighbours, have decried the takeover as a coup.

Those countries, along with Washington and the United Nations, helped craft a delicate plan that eased the veteran autocrat Saleh from power after Arab Spring prostests in 2011.

But the tenure of Saleh's successor, Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, was defined by gridlock among Yemen's array of feuding parties. Hadi finally resigned last month along with his whole government after Houthi gunmen attacked his home.

Reuters

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