Saturday 21 October 2017

The women taking fight to Isil

Iraqi Kurdish female fighter Haseba Nauzad (red beret), and Yazidi female fighter Asema Dahir (camouflage cap) aim their weapons during a deployment near the frontline of the fight against Islamic State militants in Nawaran near Mosul, Iraq. Photos: Reuters
Iraqi Kurdish female fighter Haseba Nauzad (red beret), and Yazidi female fighter Asema Dahir (camouflage cap) aim their weapons during a deployment near the frontline of the fight against Islamic State militants in Nawaran near Mosul, Iraq. Photos: Reuters
Yazidi female fighter Asema Dahir, 21, poses with a teddy bear in a bedroom at a site near the frontline of the fight against Islamic State
Iraqi Kurdish female fighter Haseba Nauzad (2nd R), 24, holds her weapon as she is surrounded by comrades at a site during a deployment near the frontline of the fight against Islamic State militants in Nawaran near Mosul

Emily Wither in Nawaran, Iraq

IF TRUTH is the first casualty in war then women and children are usually a close second.

But when Isil stormed into the northern Iraqi town of Sinjar in 2014, a few young Yazidi women were not prepared to go down quitely.

In a show of heroic defiance, they took up arms against the militants attacking women and girls from their community.

"They took eight of my neighbours and I saw they were killing the children," claimed Asema Dahir at a checkpoint near a front line north of Mosul.

Dressed in military fatigues, the 21-year-old is now part of an all-female unit in the Kurdish peshmerga forces, which have played an important role in pushing back Islamic State in northern Iraq.

The killing and enslaving of thousands from Iraq's minority Yazidi community focused international attention on the group's violent campaign to impose its radical ideology and prompted Washington to launch an air offensive.

Iraqi Kurdish female fighter Haseba Nauzad (2nd R), 24, holds her weapon as she is surrounded by comrades at a site during a deployment near the frontline of the fight against Islamic State militants in Nawaran near Mosul
Iraqi Kurdish female fighter Haseba Nauzad (2nd R), 24, holds her weapon as she is surrounded by comrades at a site during a deployment near the frontline of the fight against Islamic State militants in Nawaran near Mosul

It also prompted the formation of this unusual 30-woman unit made up of Yazidis as well as Kurds from Iraq and neighbouring Syria. For them, only one thing matters: revenge for the women raped, beaten and executed by the jihadist militants.

Ms Dahir said she was stunned by the brutality of the militants, some of whom were neighbours and others from outside the area.

"They killed my uncle and took my cousin's wife who had only just married eight days earlier," she said, her piercing eyes clouding over. The bride, like thousands of other Yazidi women, is still being held by the militants.

During the firefights that raged across Sinjar in 2014, Dahir said she killed two Islamic State fighters before being shot in the leg. The fighters' personal accounts could not be independently verify.

Well-worn photographs of children and families tucked into the edge of mirrors or pressed onto walls in the women's spartan barracks are reminders of what they have sacrificed to join the fight.

Haseba Nauzad, the unit's 24-year-old commander, lost her marriage. She was living with her husband in Turkey when Islamic State swept through northern Iraq and announced its so-called caliphate over areas that included traditional Kurdish lands.

"I saw them raping my Kurdish sisters and I couldn't accept this injustice," Nauzad said.

Her husband wanted to pay human smugglers to take them to Europe along with more than a million others fleeing conflict in the region, but she insisted on going home to fight the Islamists.

"I put my personal life aside, and I came to defend my Kurdish sisters and mothers and stand against this enemy," she said. She has lost contact with her husband since he arrived in Germany.

In a conservative society where women are often expected to stay at home, these women say gender does not keep them from entering battle.

"If a man can carry a weapon, a woman can do the same," said Nauzad. "The men are inspired to fight harder when they see women standing in the same battlefield as them."

The women in the unit are convinced Islamic State militants are scared of women fighters "because they think if they are killed by a woman, they will not go to heaven," said Nauzad.

"This story encourages more women to join the fight."

According to the UN, Isil is thought to be holding an estimated 3,500 people as slaves in Iraq alone, with many of the captives thought to be Yazidi women and their children.

The jihadi group has committed widespread abuses that may "in some instances, amount to war crimes, crimes against humanity, and possibly genocide," a UN report maintains

Isil is believed to be holding an estimated 3,500 people as slaves in Iraq, with many of the captives thought to be Yazidi women and children, says a United Nations report

The UN Assistance Mission for Iraq and the UN human rights office revealed that as many as 18,800 civilians have been killed in Iraq between January 1, 2014 and October 31, 2015.

But it also has to be remembered that a further 3.2 million people in Iraq have been displaced having been forced to leave their homes out of fear for their lives.

"Those being held are predominantly women and children and come primarily from the Yazidi community, but a number are also from other ethnic and religious minority communities," said the joint report issued in Geneva.

Irish Independent

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