Sunday 4 December 2016

The stark figures from the Syrian conflict: over 250,000 dead and 12m displaced

Ryan Hooper

Published 03/02/2016 | 12:16

In this photo released by the Syrian official news agency SANA, Syrians gather where three bombs exploded in Sayyda Zeinab, a predominantly Shiite Muslim suburb of the Syrian capital, Syria, Sunday, Jan. 31, 2016. (SANA via AP)
In this photo released by the Syrian official news agency SANA, Syrians gather where three bombs exploded in Sayyda Zeinab, a predominantly Shiite Muslim suburb of the Syrian capital, Syria, Sunday, Jan. 31, 2016. (SANA via AP)

The Syrian civil war, which was borne out of the Arab Spring of 2011, has resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths, and created millions of refugees.

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As world leaders face new calls to secure a multibillion-pound support package for Syrians, the Press Association analyses the conflict in numbers.

* 250,000 - the estimated number of deaths in Syria during the war as of August 17 2015, according to the latest United Nations Security Council estimate. However, other estimates varied between 150,000 and 350,000.

* 37,010 - foreign opposition fighters killed, as of mid-October 2015, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR).

* 12 million - people displaced since the conflict began, according to the UN - around half the Syrian population.

* 4 million - Syrians seeking refuge in neighbouring countries since the war started.

Turkish soldiers stand guard as a Syrian refugee boy waits behind the border fences to cross into Turkey on the Turkish-Syrian border, near the southeastern town of Akcakale in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Osman Orsal
Turkish soldiers stand guard as a Syrian refugee boy waits behind the border fences to cross into Turkey on the Turkish-Syrian border, near the southeastern town of Akcakale in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Osman Orsal
A Turkish soldier stands guard as Syrian refugees wait behind the border fences to cross into Turkey on the Turkish-Syrian border, near the southeastern town of Akcakale in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, June 5, 2015.REUTERS/Osman Orsal
Turkish soldiers stand guard as Syrian refugees wait behind the border fences to cross into Turkey on the Turkish-Syrian border, near the southeastern town of Akcakale in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Osman Orsal
Turkish soldiers stand guard as Syrian refugees wait behind the border fences to cross into Turkey on the Turkish-Syrian border, near the southeastern town of Akcakale in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, June 5, 2015. More than 3,000 Syrians fleeing clashes between Islamic State and Kurdish fighters have crossed into Turkey since Wednesday, a Turkish government official said. Kurdish forces are trying to drive the militants out of Tel Abyad, in Syria's Hassakah province, close to the Turkish border town of Akcakale. The official said 3,337 Arab Syrians had crossed into Turkey in less than two days to avoid the clashes and bombing raids carried out against IS by a U.S.-led coalition. REUTERS/Osman Orsal TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Turkish soldiers stand guard as a Syrian refugee boy waits behind the border fences to cross into Turkey on the Turkish-Syrian border, near the southeastern town of Akcakale in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Osman Orsal
A woman carries her belongings as she walks at a site hit by what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, at the eastern Ghouta of Damascus June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Amer Almohibany
Residents inspect a damaged site hit by what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, at the eastern Ghouta of Damascus June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Amer Almohibany
Men gather as one of them removes debris at a site hit by what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, at the eastern Ghouta of Damascus June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Amer Almohibany
Two women walk at a site hit by what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, at the eastern Ghouta of Damascus June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Amer Almohibany
A family walks at a site hit by what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, at the eastern Ghouta of Damascus June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Amer Almohibany
A child sits amid debris at a site hit by what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, at the eastern Ghouta of Damascus June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Amer Almohibany
A man inspects a damaged building at a site hit by what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, at the eastern Ghouta of Damascus June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Amer Almohibany
A women pushes her baby in a stroller as she walks with her child at a site hit by what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, at the eastern Ghouta of Damascus June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Amer Almohibany
Syrian refugees wait behind the border fences as they are pictured from the Turkish side of the border, near Akcakale in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Osman Orsal
Syrian refugees wait behind the border fences as they are pictured from the Turkish side of the border, near Akcakale in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Osman Orsal
Turkish soldiers stand guard as Syrian refugees wait behind the border fences to cross into Turkey on the Turkish-Syrian border, near the southeastern town of Akcakale in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Osman Orsal
Turkish soldiers stand guard as Syrian refugees wait behind the border fences to cross into Turkey on the Turkish-Syrian border, near the southeastern town of Akcakale in Sanliurfa province, Turkey, June 5, 2015. REUTERS/Osman Orsal

* 2014 - the bloodiest year in the Syrian conflict, with an estimated 76,021 deaths according to the SOHR.

* 12,517 - children killed during the war, according to opposition groups and SOHR, as of October 2015.

* 679 - medical workers killed in the Syrian civil war, as of September 2015, according to campaign group Physicians for Human Rights.

* 174 - majority in Parliament for Prime Minister David Cameron during a historic vote on December 2 for air strikes on Islamic State targets in Syria. There were 397 MPs in favour and 223 against.

This picture released on Thursday, May 21, 2015 by the website of Islamic State militants, shows the Tadmur prison in the Syrian town of Palmyra that was captured by the Islamic State militants after a battle with the Syrian government forces, Syria. (The website of Islamic State militants via AP)
This picture released on Thursday, May 21, 2015 by the website of Islamic State militants, shows the Tadmur prison in the Syrian town of Palmyra that was captured by the Islamic State militants after a battle with the Syrian government forces, Syria. (The website of Islamic State militants via AP)
In this picture released on Friday, May 22, 2015 by the website of Islamic State militants, shows the Islamic State militants flag, top center, raised on the to top of Palmyra castle, in the Syrian town of Palmyra, Syria. (The website of Islamic State militants via AP)
This picture released on Sunday, May 24, 2015, by a militant website which had been verified and is consistent with other AP reporting shows Syrian government soldiers who were captured by Islamic state militants in Palmyra area in Syria. (Militant website via AP)
This picture released on Sunday, May 24, 2015, by a militant website which had been verified and is consistent with other AP reporting shows Syrian government soldiers who were captured by Islamic state militants in Palmyra area in Syria. (Militant website via AP)
This picture released on Sunday, May 24, 2015, by a militant website which had been verified and is consistent with other AP reporting shows Syrian government soldiers who were captured by Islamic state militants in Palmyra area in Syria. (Militant website via AP)
This photo released on Sunday, May 17, 2015, by the Syrian official news agency SANA, shows the general view of the ancient Roman city of Palmyra, northeast of Damascus, Syria. A Syrian official said on Sunday that the situation is "fully under control" in Palmyra despite breaches by Islamic State militants who pushed into the historic town a day earlier. (SANA via AP)
This picture released on Thursday, May 21, 2015 by the website of Islamic State militants, shows the Palmyra castle is seen from the Syrian town of Palmyra that was captured by the Islamic State militants after a battle with the Syrian government forces, Syria. (The website of Islamic State militants via AP)
This picture released on Thursday, May 21, 2015 by the website of Islamic State militants, shows a bunker with a heavy machine gun mounted on its top at Palmyra air base that was captured by the Islamic State militants after a battle with the Syrian government forces in Palmyra, Syria. (The website of Islamic State militants via AP)
In this picture released on Wednesday, May 20, 2015 by the website of Islamic State militants, an Islamic State fighter fires his weapon during a battle against Syrian government forces on a road between Homs and Palmyra, Syria. (The website of Islamic State militants via AP)
FILE - This file photo released on Sunday, May 17, 2015, by the Syrian official news agency SANA, shows the general view of the ancient Roman city of Palmyra, northeast of Damascus, Syria. (SANA via AP, File)
FILE - This FILE photo released on Sunday, May 17, 2015, by the Syrian official news agency SANA, shows the general view of the ancient Roman city of Palmyra, northeast of Damascus, Syria. When Islamic State fighters routed Syrian government forces and took control of the ruins of Palmyra Thursday, May 21, 2015 (SANA via AP, File)
This picture released on Wednesday, May 20, 2015 on the website of Islamic State militants, shows black columns of smoke rising through the air during a battle between Islamic State militants and the Syrian government forces on a road between Homs and Palmyra, Syria. (The website of Islamic State militants via AP)

* 42 - the percentage of Syria's national gross domestic product (a measure of a country's economic prosperity) spent on fighting the civil war, according to the Global Peace Index last year.

* 2 - British Typhoon fighter jets, deployed for the first time to defeat Islamic State in Syria and Iraq in December 2015, leaving from RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus.

Injured girls lie in a field hospital, after what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, in the Duma neighborhood of Damascus, February 3, 2015. Reuters/ Mohammed Badra
Injured girls lie in a field hospital, after what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, in the Duma neighborhood of Damascus, February 3, 2015. Reuters/ Mohammed Badra
An injured girl lies in a field hospital, after what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, in the Duma neighborhood of Damascus, February 3, 2015. Reuters/ Mohammed Badra
Injured boys receive medical assistance in a field hospital, after what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad, in the Duma neighborhood of Damascus, February 3, 2015. Reuters/ Mohammed Badra
A wounded boy sits at a field hospital after what activists said was an air strike by forces of Syria's President Bashar al-Assad in the Duma neighbourhood of Damascus, February 2, 2015. Reuters/Mohammed Badra
Money exchange vendor Abed al-Jalil Tahbash (left) counts U.S. dollars inside his shop in the southern countryside of Idlib February 2, 2015. Reuters/Khalil Ashawi
A member of the Asayish (Kurdish Security Forces) mans a checkpoint in the northeastern province of al-Hasaka, February 2, 2015. Reuters/Rodi Said
A fighter of the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) directs traffic in the northeastern province of al-Hasaka, February 2, 2015. Reuters/Rodi Said
An entrance to the Bosnian village of Gornja Maoca decorated with Islamic State signs, January 26, 2015. Reuters/Marcel van der Steen
Fighters of the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) drive a makeshift armoured vehicle along a street in the northeastern province of al-Hasaka, February 2, 2015. Reuters/Rodi Said
A fighter of the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) stands atop a sand barricade at the northeastern province of al-Hasaka February 2, 2015. Reuters/Rodi Said
A house in the Bosnian village of Gornja Maoca decorated with Islamic State flags, January 26, 2015. Reuters/Marcel van der Steen

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