Coalition must find a way to arm rebels, says Clinton
Published 30/03/2011 | 05:00
The United States yesterday paved the way to arming rebel groups in Libya as leaders from nearly 40 countries met in London to discuss the next moves against Colonel Gaddafi's regime.
The US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, said she believed that UN resolutions allowed for the "legitimate transfer of arms" to the rebels should any country wish to do so. She added that no decision had been made "at this time" by the US on whether to arm the rebels.
William Hague, the British Foreign Secretary, said that while Libya was under a United Nations-mandated arms embargo that did not mean arming the rebels was impossible. France said it would also consider supplying weapons.
"I remind you, it is not part of the UN resolution, which France sticks too, but we are ready to discuss it (arming) with our partners," the French Foreign Minister, Alain Juppe, said.
The move by the international community will delight Libyan opposition leaders who were also in London yesterday to press Western governments to provide arms. It also highlights a fear among coalition partners that unless the rebels get outside arms they may be unable to overthrow the Gaddafi regime, which still has strong support in the capital Tripoli.
British sources claimed that weapons supplied to opposition groups would, under the UN resolution, have to be used to "protect civilians". They did not, however, suggest how this could be verified.
Speaking before Mrs Clinton's announcement, Guma El-Gamaty, UK coordinator for the new Libyan Interim National Council (INC), told journalists they desperately needed weapons. "Look at reports and you will see we have very light arms, we are driving regular cars and don't have any armour at all -- otherwise we would finish him in a few days. We would like to give our youth some real weapons."
In signs of emerging ties between opposition figures in Libya and the international community, INC members were invited to London to meet the foreign ministers of France, Germany and the US on the fringes of the Libya conference yesterday. They also held talks with William Hague and were invited to meet British Prime Minister David Cameron in Downing Street.
But there were signs of divisions over a plan -- put forward by the Italian Foreign Minister, Franco Frattini -- to provide a safe-haven for Gaddafi if he were to go in exile. This is supported by Turkey but is less enthusiastically backed by Britain and the US, who would prefer him to face an investigation by the International Criminal Court in the Hague. "We are not engaged in the UK in looking for somewhere for him to go, but that does not exclude others from doing so," said Mr Hague.
The Libyan opposition also opposed the plan. "The people will not accept a deal for him to go into exile. We will not start to negotiate until he has gone," said Mr El-Gamaty.
Speaking after the conference, Mr Hague said the London meeting had agreed to consider more sanctions against Gaddafi. He added that these would be directed at "individuals and entities associated with the regime".
However, despite the show of unity there were some unexpected 'no-shows' among Middle Eastern states which had been due to attend. Saudi Arabia "pulled out at the last minute", while officials briefed that Iraq would also attend -- but did not turn up. (© Independent News Service)