Malian soldiers and separatist rebels have exchanged gunfire in the heart of the northern town of Kidal, marking a dangerous escalation in violence only days after the rebels said they were suspending their participation in a peace accord signed with the government.
It was the first time the two sides have fought openly in the provincial capital since the announcement last week made by the National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad, the name the ethnic Tuareg separatists give to their homeland.
There had been reports of skirmishes in a remote area near the Mauritanian border, but Sunday's gunfire erupted outside a bank near the town's market.
An Associated Press reporter could hear the shooting in the background while talking by telephone with residents in Kidal, which has remained largely under the control of the separatists even after the return of the Malian military in June. Before that, the soldiers had retreated in the face of a 2012 rebellion by the ethnic Tuaregs.
"We have heard rounds of automatic gunfire and have retreated inside the house," Mohamed Cisse, a resident of Kidal, said by telephone. "It's an exchange of fire between the NMLA who came to attack the Malian soldiers who were guarding the bank."
Daouda Maiga, a local civic leader, said gunshots also had been heard from the Malian army camp in Kidal.
The peace accord signed in June had allowed for the Malian army's return and also allowed for the July presidential election to proceed, the first since a March 2012 coup accelerated the chaos in the long democratic West African nation.
In the aftermath, the secular Tuareg rebels and radical al Qaida-linked jihadists both took control in northern Mali. The Tuareg rebels later retreated until a French-led military intervention ousted the jihadists from the country's northern provincial capitals. The return of Malian soldiers to Kidal since then has been controversial.