Kurdish leader speaks of 'new Iraq'
The leader of Iraq's ethnic Kurdish region declared today that "we are facing a new reality and a new Iraq" as the country considers new leadership for its Shiite-led government as an immediate step to curb a Sunni insurgent rampage.
The comments by Kurdish president Massoud Barzani came as he met visiting US Secretary of State John Kerry, who is pushing the central government in Baghdad to at least adopt new policies which would give more authority to Iraq's minority Sunnis and Kurds.
Mr Kerry has repeatedly said that it is up to Iraqis - not the US or other nations - to select their leaders. But he also has noted bitterness and growing impatience among all of Iraq's major sects and ethnic groups with the government of Prime Minister Nouri Maliki.
Mr Barzani told Mr Kerry that Kurds are seeking "a solution for the crisis that we have witnessed".
Mr Kerry said at the start of an hour-long private meeting that the Kurdish security forces known as peshmerga have been "really critical" in helping restrain the advance of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isis), a Sunni insurgency that has overtaken several key areas in Iraq's west and north, and is pushing the country towards civil war.
"This is a very critical time for Iraq, and the government formation challenge is the central challenge that we face," Mr Kerry said.
He said Iraqi leaders must "produce the broad-based, inclusive government that all the Iraqis I have talked to are demanding".
The US believes a new power-sharing agreement in Baghdad would soothe anger directed at the majority Shiite government which has fuelled Isis. Iraq's population is about 60% Shiite Muslim, whose leaders rose to power with US help after the 2003 fall of former president Saddam Hussein, a Sunni.
Minority Sunnis who enjoyed far more authority and privilege under Saddam than any other sect have long been bitter about the Shiite-led government. And Mr Maliki has been personally accused of targeting Sunni leaders whom he considers his political opponents.
Iraqi Kurds had no love for Saddam, and were allowed to carve out a semi-autonomous region in Iraq's north to protect themselves from his policies. But Mr Barzani has been feuding with Mr Maliki for years, most recently over the Kurdish regional government's decision to export oil through Turkey without giving Baghdad its required share of the profits.
The Kurdish region is home to several vast oil fields, which have reaped security and economic stability unmatched across the rest of the Iraq.
Mr Barzani's support is key to solving the current political crisis, because Kurds represent about 20% of Iraq's population and usually vote as a unified bloc. That has made Kurds kingmakers in Iraq's national political process.
Today's meeting in Irbil, the Kurdish capital, came a day after Mr Kerry travelled to Baghdad to discuss potential options with Sunni and Shiite leaders, including Mr Maliki.
Mr Kerry said after the Baghdad meetings that all the leaders agreed to start the process of seating a new government by July 1, that will advance a constitutionally-required timetable for distributing power among Iraq's political blocs, which are divided by sect and ethnicity.
Once a stable government is in place, officials hope Iraqi security forces will be inspired to fight the insurgency instead of fleeing, as they did in several major cities and towns in Sunni-dominated areas since the start of the year.
US special forces have been ordered to Baghdad to train and advise Iraqi counter-terror soldiers. President Barack Obama is reluctantly sending American military might back to the war zone it left in 2011 after more than eight years of fighting.
Mr Maliki has for months requested US military help to quell Isis, and the Obama administration has said it must respond to the insurgent threat before it spreads beyond Iraq's borders and puts the West at risk of attack.
Yesterday, Mr Kerry said the US is prepared to strike the militants even if Baghdad delays political reforms.
Early today, Iraqi authorities discovered the bodies of three men who were shot in the head and chest and had their hands and legs bound, a police officer said.
The men, dressed in civilian clothes and believed to be in their 30s, had been dumped in the streets of three Shiite neighborhoods in and around Baghdad.
The appearance of dead bodies in the streets is a grim reminder of sectarian violence that peaked in 2006 and 2007.
During the worst of the bloodshed, Baghdad residents woke virtually every morning to find corpses, bearing gunshot wounds and signs of torture, that had been dumped in the streets or left floating in the Tigris River.