Island nation plans move to new country over rising sea-levels
Published 10/03/2012 | 05:00
FEARING climate change could wipe out their entire Pacific archipelago, the leaders of Kiribati are considering an unusual back-up plan: moving the populace to Fiji.
Kiribati president Anote Tong said yesterday that his Cabinet has endorsed a plan to buy nearly 6,000 acres on Fiji's main island, Viti Levu.
He said the fertile land, being sold by a church group for about $9.6m (€7.3m), could provide an insurance policy for Kiribati's entire population of 103,000, though he hoped it would never be necessary for everyone to leave. "We would hope not to put everyone on one piece of land, but if it became absolutely necessary, yes, we could do it," Mr Tong said. "It wouldn't be for me, personally, but would apply more to a younger generation. For them, moving won't be a matter of choice. It's basically going to be a matter of survival."
Kiribati, which straddles the equator near the international dateline, has found itself at the leading edge of the debate on climate change because many of its atolls rise just a few feet above sea level.
Mr Tong said some villages had already moved and there had been increasing instances of sea water contaminating the island's underground fresh water, which remained vital for trees and crops.
He said changing rainfall, tidal and storm patterns posed as least as much threat as ocean levels, which so far have risen only slightly.
Some scientists have estimated the current level of sea rise in the Pacific at about 2 millimetres per year.
Many scientists expect that rate to accelerate due to climate change. Fiji, home to about 850,000 people, is about 1,400 miles south of Kiribati.
But just what people there think about potentially providing a home for thousands of their neighbours remains unclear.
Mr Tong said he was awaiting full parliamentary approval for the land purchase, which he expected next month, before discussing the plan formally with Fijian officials.
Sharon Smith-Johns, a spokeswoman for the Fijian government, said several agencies were studying Kiribati's plans and the government would release a formal statement next week.