Saturday 20 December 2014

Iraq faces critical moment: Kerry

Published 23/06/2014 | 13:32

US Secretary of State John Kerry, left, with Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki in Baghdad (AP)
US Secretary of State John Kerry, left, with Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki in Baghdad (AP)

The fate of Iraq may be decided over the next week and largely depends on whether its leaders keep their commitment to meet looming deadlines to seat a new government before a Sunni insurgency sweeps away hopes of lasting peace, the top US diplomat said.

It was a dire message from John Kerry to leaders of Iraq's bitterly divided Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish political coalitions who have lived through more than three decades of dictatorship, sanctions and wars. And it sought to hold the officials to a government transition that the US believes will stave off the threat of a new civil war by giving more power to Iraq's minorities.

"This is a critical moment for Iraq's future," the US Secretary of State said at a press conference in Baghdad. "It is a moment of decision for Iraq's leaders and it's a moment of great urgency."

Mr Kerry offered few details of his closed-door meetings in Baghdad. But he said each of the officials he met with - including Shiite PM Nouri al-Maliki - committed to seat a new parliament by July 1 as the constitution requires.

"The very future of Iraq depends on choices that will be made in the next days and weeks, and the future of Iraq depends primarily on the ability of Iraq's leaders to come together and take a stand united against Isis," Mr Kerry said, referring to the insurgency known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. "Not next week, not next month, but now."

He also said no country - including the US - should try to pick new leadership for Iraq. "That is up to the people of Iraq."

Mr al-Maliki is facing growing calls for his resignation as disgruntled Sunnis say they do not believe he will give them a greater voice in the government.

After suffering together through more than eight years of war - which killed nearly 4,500 American troops and more than 100,000 Iraqis - Washington and Baghdad are trying to shelve mutual wariness to curb the very real prospect of the nation falling into a fresh bout of sectarian strife.

Sunnis frustrated with being cut out of power are increasingly joining Isis, a bloody insurgency that has been emboldened by battlefield successes in neighbouring Syria's civil war.

Parliament speaker Osama al-Nujaifi, one of Iraq's top-ranking Sunnis, told Mr Kerry that the insurgents pose "a threat to the entire world". Mr al-Nujaifi is from Mosul, Iraq's second largest city which was overrun earlier this month by militants.

Of the insurgents, Mr al-Nujaifi said "we have to confront it through direct military operations, political reforms so that we can inject a new hope into our own people so that they can support the political process and the unity of Iraq".

Iraqi officials briefed on Mr Kerry's talks with the Iraqi prime minister said Mr al-Maliki urged the United States to target the militants' positions in Iraq and neighbouring Syria, citing training camps and convoys, with air strikes. The officials said Mr Kerry responded by saying a great deal of care and caution must be taken before attacks are launched to avoid civilian casualties that could create the impression that Americans are attacking Sunnis.

US President Barack Obama, in a round of television interviews that aired in the US, said Mr al-Maliki and the Iraqi leadership face a test as to whether "they are able to set aside their suspicions, their sectarian preferences for the good of the whole".

He added: "And we don't know. The one thing I do know is that if they fail to do that then no amount of military action by the United States can hold that country together."

Mr Kerry arrived in Baghdad just a day after the Sunni militants captured two key border posts, one along the frontier with Jordan and the other with Syria, deepening Mr al-Maliki's predicament. Their latest victories considerably expanded territory under the militants' control just two weeks after the al-Qaida breakaway group started swallowing up chunks of northern Iraq.

The offensive by Isis takes the group closer to its dream of carving out an Islamic state straddling both Syria and Iraq. Controlling the borders with Syria will help it supply fellow fighters there with weaponry looted from Iraqi warehouses, boosting its ability to battle beleaguered Syrian government forces.

Today, gunmen ambushed a police convoy transferring prisoners about 85 miles south of Baghdad, killing nine policemen and 13 prisoners, according to police officials. The officials said some of the prisoners, some of whom were convicted of terrorism-related charges, were being taken to a high-security prison in the southern city of Nasiriyah 200 miles south-west of Baghdad.

Press Association

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