Gambians celebrate as President Yahya Jammeh defeated after 22 years in power
Gambians tore down posters of long-time president Yahya Jammeh and celebrated in the streets as the ruler of more than two decades conceded defeat in the election.
Mr Jammeh congratulated opposition coalition leader Adama Barrow, who won the most votes in the election that will remove him from power after 22 years.
Speaking on state television, Mr Jammeh praised the election and vowed not to contest the result.
The election commission had earlier declared Mr Barrow the newly elected president, a stunning outcome in a country where critics have long alleged votes are rigged and opponents jailed.
The commission said Mr Barrow received 45% of the vote compared to Mr Jammeh's 36%.
Unprecedented crowds publicly cheered Mr Jammeh's defeat. A group of men packed in a pick-up truck screamed "Freedom! Freedom! Freedom!"
Just days earlier, Mr Jammeh had declared that no demonstrations of any kind would be permitted, regardless of the vote's outcome.
For the tens of thousands watching abroad from political exile, it was a day they thought might never come.
"We have freedom at last! And there will be an economic boom, and people jailed can be freed, and people exiled abroad will come back home to their families," said Aminata Jawara, a 23-year-old lab technician.
Another opposition candidate who was not in the eight-party coalition finished with 17%, according to the national election commission.
Mr Jammeh will be calling Mr Barrow "to congratulate him and pray for peace and tranquillity", said Alieu Momarr Njai, chairman of the Independent Electoral Commission.
Many Gambians stayed up all night listening to the radio and tallying results as they were read out constituency by constituency. News of Mr Barrow's victory prompted thousands to take to the streets in celebration - some on foot while others rode in cars and trucks and on motorbikes - as confused soldiers looked on.
Eight opposition parties united behind Mr Barrow, a former businessman, and the campaign period featured large opposition rallies and unprecedented expressions of frustration with Mr Jammeh's rule.
Nevertheless, Mr Jammeh had projected confidence, saying his victory was all but assured by God and predicting "the biggest landslide in the history of the country" after he voted on Thursday.
"We are happy to be free," said Omar Amadou Jallow, an opposition leader for the People's Progressive Party, which joined the coalition that backed Mr Barrow. "We are able to free the Gambian people from the clutches of dictatorship, and we are now going to make sure Gambia becomes a bastion of peace and coalition. Our foundation will be based on national reconciliation."
Mr Jammeh came to power in a coup in 1994 and then swept elections in 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011 after a 2002 constitutional amendment removed presidential term limits. Critics say those earlier elections were not free and fair.
Human rights groups have accused Mr Jammeh of ordering the deaths of countless political opponents as well as targeting journalists and gays and lesbians.
All internet and international phone service was cut on election day in a bid by Mr Jammeh to thwart unrest.
If Mr Jammeh does step down peacefully, it would demonstrate that even Africa's most entrenched leaders can be brought down if opposition politicians overcome their divisions and unite, said Jeffrey Smith, a human rights activist and founding director of Vanguard Africa, a US-based group that worked with Gambia's opposition coalition.
"This is going to have resonance way beyond the tiny borders of Gambia," Mr Smith said, describing the result as "a momentous occasion for the region writ large".