Facebook trains computers to describe photos for blind people
Facebook is training its computers to become seeing-eye guides for blind and visually impaired people as they scroll through the pictures posted on the world's largest online social network.
The feature rolling out on Facebook's iPhone and iPad apps interprets what's in a picture using a form of artificial intelligence that recognises faces and objects.
VoiceOver, a screen reader built into the software powering the iPhone and iPad, must be turned on for Facebook's photo descriptions to be read. For now, the feature will only be available in English.
Until now, people relying on screen readers on Facebook would only hear that a person had shared a photo without any elaboration.
The photo descriptions initially will be confined to a vocabulary of 100 words in a restriction that will prevent the computer from providing a lot of details. For instance, the automated voice may only tell a user that a photo features three people smiling outdoors without adding that the trio also has drinks in their hands. Or it may say the photo is of pizza without adding that there is pepperoni and olives on top of it.
Facebook is being careful with the technology called "automatic alternative text", in an attempt to avoid making a mistake that offends its audience.
Google learned the risks of automation last year when an image recognition feature in its Photos app labelled a black couple as gorillas, prompting the company to issue an apology.
Eventually, though, Facebook hopes to refine the technology so it provides more precise descriptions and even answers questions that a user might pose about a picture.
The vocabulary of Facebook's photo-recognition program includes car, sky, dessert, baby, shoes and, of course, selfie.
Facebook also plans to turn on the technology for its Android app and make it available through web browsers visiting its site.
The Menlo Park, California, company is trying to ensure the world's nearly 300 million blind and visually impaired people remain interested in its social network as a steadily increasing number of photos appear on its service.
On an average day, Facebook says more than 2 billion photos are posted on its social network and other apps that it owns, a list that includes Messenger, Instagram and WhatsApp.
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg hailed the photo description tool as "an important step towards making sure everyone has equal access to information and is included in the conversation".