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Wednesday 17 September 2014

Ukraine latest: Russia's '3am deadline' passes without incident as President Putin tells troops on border to return to bases

No reported attempts of any military assault as Ukrainian forces in the region remain defiant

Steve Anderson

Published 04/03/2014 | 07:24

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Military personnel, believed to be Russian servicemen, stand in front of the gates of a Ukrainian military unit as Ukrainian servicemen behind them look on in the village of Perevalnoye outside Simferopol, March 4, 2014. President Vladimir Putin has ordered troops that took part in military exercises in central and western Russia to return to base after completing their training, Russian news agencies quoted the Kremlin spokesman as saying on Tuesday.  REUTERS/David Mdzinarishvili (UKRAINE - Tags: POLITICS MILITARY)
Military personnel, believed to be Russian servicemen, stand in front of the gates of a Ukrainian military unit as Ukrainian servicemen behind them look on in the village of Perevalnoye outside Simferopol. Photo: Reuters/David Mdzinarishvili

THE reported 3am deadline, by which Russia had reportedly told Ukrainian forces to leave Crimea by or face a military attack, has passed without incident, and Russian troops on exercise near the border have been told to return to their bases.

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Russia had earlier rejected reports of the surrender ultimatum as "total nonsense".

According to a deputy commander at one of Ukraine's units in Crimea there were no attempts to storm the base. The commander, named only as Major Lisovoy, told local TV station ATR: "We're all in high spirits, ready to defend our base. There was no official ultimatum, it was done indirectly via mobile phones. I want peace and stability and for Ukraine to be a united country."

 

Russian news agencies reported that President Putin had ordered his troops on military exercises near the border between western Russia and Ukraine to return to bases.

 

A statement by Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that manoeuvres had been "a success".

 

The US Secretary of State John Kerry will today be reinforcing Washington's support for the new government in Kiev, as America and its top allies grapple with whether to slap Moscow with sanctions for its military takeover of Crimea.

 

Kerry left yesterday for the Ukrainian capital. The European Union's foreign ministers, meanwhile, issued a Thursday deadline for Vladimir Putin to pull back his troops or face a rejection of visa liberalisation and economic cooperation negotiations long in the works.

 

Western leaders point to huge hits that Russia's natural gas, uranium and coal industries would take if sanctions cut off exports to the EU, its largest customer. Still, Western governments acknowledge that few options exist beyond economic and diplomatic penalties, and critics said Obama administration efforts are too little, and too late, after years of trying to foster friendlier relations with Russia.

 

President Barack Obama yesterday described the Russian advance as a violation of international law. He called on Congress to approve an aid package for the new Ukrainian government and repeated earlier threats that the US will take steps to hobble Russia's economy and isolate it diplomatically if Putin does not back down.

 

"The strong condemnation that has proceeded from countries around the world indicates the degree to which Russia is on the wrong side of history," Obama said.

 

The White House said Obama met for more than two hours last night with the National Security Council, including Kerry and Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, to discuss what steps the United States can take with international partners to further isolate Russia and persuade it to de-escalate the situation.

 

The Pentagon announced late on Monday it was suspending military-to-military engagements with Russia, including exercises, bilateral meetings, port visits and conferences. A senior US official said the US also would not move forward with meetings designed to deepen the trade relationship with Russia. Lacking authorisation to speak publicly about the trade meetings, the official requested anonymity.

 

Some Republicans in Congress were considering a possible package of "debilitating economic sanctions" to get Putin's attention. House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce said the US and Europe should act collectively to threaten the Russian stock market, economy and ruble if Russia doesn't withdraw from Crimea.

 

"We can't just keep talking," Royce said. "We need to do something."

 

Speaking at a UN session in Geneva, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov attempted to deflect blame back on the West. He defended the deployment of Russian troops in Ukraine as a necessary protection for his country's citizens living there.

 

"Those who are trying to interpret the situation as a sort of aggression and threatening us with sanctions and boycotts, these are the same partners who have been consistently and vigorously encouraging the political powers close to them to declare ultimatums and renounce dialogue," Lavrov said.

 

"This is a question of defending our citizens and compatriots, ensuring human rights, especially the right to life," he said.

 

 

Lavrov said Ukraine should return to a 21 February agreement that sought to end months of unrest in Kiev by addressing an array of issues at the heart of the dispute between protesters and the government of then-Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych. However, the agreement did not address the grievances that caused the protests in the first place, and the pro-Russian Yanukovych fled Kiev for protective sanctuary near Moscow within days of signing it.

 

US officials say the 21 February agreement could form the "basis" for a political resolution to the crisis, but not in its present form. State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said it would have to be significantly altered in order to be useful, given major changes since it was signed.

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