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Monday 22 September 2014

Ukraine crisis: Yanukovich announces deal done but doubts remain

UKRAINE president Viktor Yanukovich has announced a deal has been done with the opposition including the formation of a national government.

Published 21/02/2014 | 10:55

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An anti-government protester mans a barricade in Kiev February 21, 2014. Violence flared again in Kiev on Friday as Ukraine's opposition politicians pondered a draft deal with Russian-backed President Viktor Yanukovich which EU foreign ministers brokered to resolve the country's political crisis. REUTERS/Baz Ratner (UKRAINE - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)
An anti-government protester mans a barricade in Kiev February 21, 2014. Violence flared again in Kiev on Friday as Ukraine's opposition politicians pondered a draft deal with Russian-backed President Viktor Yanukovich which EU foreign ministers brokered to resolve the country's political crisis. REUTERS/Baz Ratner (UKRAINE - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)
An anti-government protester throws a tyre on a fire at a barricade in Kiev February 21, 2014. Violence flared again in Kiev on Friday as Ukraine's opposition politicians pondered a draft deal with Russian-backed President Viktor Yanukovich which EU foreign ministers brokered to resolve the country's political crisis. REUTERS/Baz Ratner (UKRAINE - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)
An anti-government protester throws a tyre on a fire at a barricade in Kiev February 21, 2014. Violence flared again in Kiev on Friday as Ukraine's opposition politicians pondered a draft deal with Russian-backed President Viktor Yanukovich which EU foreign ministers brokered to resolve the country's political crisis. REUTERS/Baz Ratner (UKRAINE - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST)
Police block the way with an armoured personnel carrier at the Ukraine's parliament in Kiev (AP)
Police block the way with an armoured personnel carrier at the Ukraine's parliament in Kiev (AP)

However, doubts remain whether this will be enough to appease protesters after over 70 death and many more injuries over the past few days in the capital Kiev.

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There are also plans to return to the 2004 constitution which limits the powers of the president as well as early presidential elections.

Violence flared again in Kiev today as Ukraine's opposition politicians pondered a draft deal with Russian-backed  Yanukovich which EU foreign ministers brokered to resolve the country's political crisis.

Police said anti-government militants had fired on security forces near the capital's central Independence Square, scene of a three-month-old protest vigil, after all-night negotiations to end Ukraine's worst violence since Soviet times.

"Participants in the mass disorder opened fire on police officers and tried to burst through in the direction of the parliament building," a police statement said. It did not say whether riot police had returned fire.

Armed police entered the parliament building while lawmakers were holding an emergency session but were forced out, opposition leader Arseny Yatsenyuk said.

Ukraine, a sprawling country of 46 million, faces the risk of civil war or even a break-up, and rage has spread even into the parliamentary chamber. Members exchanged punches when speaker Volodymyr Rybak tried to adjourn proceedings.

Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk, whose foreign minister is one of the mediators, cautioned earlier that there was only a tentative accord so far. "The agreement has not yet been reached. What's been settled is the agreement's draft," Tusk told reporters in Warsaw.

CAUTION

French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius, who was involved in the mediation effort earlier in the night, said the opposition needed to consult.

"The opposition wants to consult with some of its members, which is entirely understandable," he told Europe 1 radio. "In this sort of situation, as long as things haven't really been wrapped up, it's important to remain very cautious."

Anti-government protesters encamped in Independence Square were deeply skeptical of any announcement from the Russian-backed president.

After 48 hours in which the fate of Ukraine was fought out in the square, with at least 75 people killed, the Russian-backed Yanukovich was rapidly losing support.

The deputy chief of the armed forces resigned and opposition deputies in parliament voted to overturn severe anti-terrorist laws enacted by Yanukovich's government this month and ordered security forces back to barracks.

In another sign of the severity of the crisis, ratings agency Standard & Poor's cut Ukraine's credit rating for the second time in three weeks on Friday, citing the increased risk of default.

S&P said latest developments in the crisis made it less likely that Ukraine would receive desperately needed Russian aid. Ukraine cancelled a planned issue of 5-year Eurobonds worth $2 billion, it told the Irish Stock Exchange where the debt would have been listed. Kiev had hoped Russia would buy the bonds to help it stave off bankruptcy.

The ministers were trying to broker a deal on a temporary government and early elections this year after gun battles between police and protesters caused the worst bloodshed since Ukraine emerged from the collapsing Soviet Union 22 years ago.

German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Poland's Radoslaw Sikorski stayed on in Kiev on Friday to try to secure a deal.

The health ministry said 75 people had been killed since Tuesday afternoon, which meant at least 47 died in Thursday's clashes. That was by far the worst violence since Ukraine's independence.

The trio of visiting foreign ministers met Yanukovich and the opposition after EU colleagues in Brussels imposed targeted sanctions on Ukraine and threatened more if the authorities failed to restore calm.

In further diplomatic efforts, U.S. President Barack Obama spoke to German Chancellor Angela Merkel who in turn discussed Ukraine with Russian President Vladimir Putin. Moscow has strongly opposed what it sees as Western interference in Moscow's sphere of influence in Ukraine.

 

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