Tuesday 21 October 2014

Ukraine crisis: UN representative ends mission in Crimea following intimidation

* Obama and Cameron consult on Ukraine
* Kerry and Lavrov to meet in Paris
* Russian forces in charge of Ukraine's Crimea region
* EU could decide sanctions Thursday if no de-escalation - France
* Putin says Russian reserves right to use force
* Tensions remain high, West mulls sanctions

Published 05/03/2014 | 12:29

UN special envoy Robert Serry gets in a car in Simferopol March 5, 2014. Serry was forced to abandon a mission to Ukraine's Russian-occupied Crimea region on Wednesday after being stopped by armed men and besieged inside a cafe by a hostile crowd shouting "Russia! Russia!"    REUTERS/Vasily Fedosenko (UKRAINE - Tags: POLITICS)
UN special envoy Robert Serry gets in a car in Simferopol March 5, 2014. Serry was forced to abandon a mission to Ukraine's Russian-occupied Crimea region on Wednesday after being stopped by armed men and besieged inside a cafe by a hostile crowd shouting "Russia! Russia!" REUTERS/Vasily Fedosenko
Russian soldiers guard a peer where two Ukrainian naval vessels are moored, in Sevastopol, Ukraine
Russian soldiers guard a peer where two Ukrainian naval vessels are moored, in Sevastopol, Ukraine
Pro-Russian activists at the Belbek Sevastopol International Airport in Crimea
Pro-Russian activists at the Belbek Sevastopol International Airport in Crimea

President Barack Obama spoke to British Prime Minister David Cameron on Wednesday about the situation in Ukraine, the White House said.

The two leaders spoke by phone as Obama flew from Washington aboard Air Force One to Connecticut.

"The leaders expressed their grave concern over Russia's clear violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity, and both noted that the current circumstances are unacceptable," a White House statement said.

Obama and Cameron discussed international support for Ukraine as it seeks to stabilize its economy and prepare for elections in May.

They noted a dip in the Russian stock market in recent days, saying it was a sign that "Russia has already started to pay a cost for its actions, such as reducing investor confidence in Russia," the White House said.

Earlier, the UN Secretary General's special representative ended his mission in Crimea after just a few hours after he was reportedly seized by armed men this evening, say reports. UN special envoy Robert Serry was taken from his car at gunpoint in Simferopol, Crimear today, Interfax news agency reports citing the Ukrainian foreign ministry.

He informed Interfax news agency that his car had been blocked in Simferopol by unidentified armed men in uniform who told him they were going to take him to the airport.

Serry said he refused to go and was being held in a coffee shop. A group of men standing outside prevented anyone from entering or leaving the coffee shop, an ITV journalist who was at the scene reports.

The journalist, James Mates, tweeted that Serry requested the press to stay near him. Within an hour, Mr Serry left to return to the airport after police forced through an angry crowd to retrieve him.

The mood in Crimea is said to have changed significantly in the last few hours. There was another reported kidnapping in Yalta this afternoon and Ukrainian military at Belbek airbase have been shut off from water. Russian troops are also preventing food to be delivered, say reports.

Meanwhile, Russia has said it can't control Crimea troops ahead of US talks.

Russia said could not order "self-defence" forces in Ukraine's Crimea region back to their bases ahead of crucial ministerial talks in Paris aimed at easing tensions of over Ukraine and averting the risk of war.

However,  foreign ministers for the United States, Ukraine and Britain agreed that direct talks between Kiev and Moscow were crucial to resolving tensions and called for the immediate deployment of international monitors, they said in a joint statement.

"The United States, United Kingdom and Ukraine agreed that direct talks between Ukraine and Russia, facilitated as needed by members of the international community, are crucial to resolving the current situation," according to the statement.

"They also agreed that international observers should be deployed immediately in Ukraine, especially in eastern Ukraine and Crimea," the statement added.

Earlier,  the European  Union meanwhile offered Ukraine's new pro-Western government €11 billion in financial aid in the next couple of years provided Kiev reaches a deal with the International Monetary Fund.

Russia and the West are locked in the most serious confrontation since the end of the Cold War over influence in the former Soviet republic, a major commodities exporter and strategic link between East and West.

Ukraine pulled out of a trade deal with the EU under Russian pressure last year, sparking months of protests in Kiev and the Feb. 22 ouster of President Viktor Yanukovich, a Russian ally.

Russia has effectively occupied Crimea, where its Black Sea fleet is based, raising international tensions and provoking sharp falls in financial markets on Monday, although they have since stabilised.

Speaking before meeting U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and other Western ministers in Paris, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov repeated Moscow's assertion - ridiculed by the West - that the troops that have seized control of the Black Sea peninsula are not under Russian command.

Asked whether Moscow would order forces in Crimea back to their bases, Lavrov told a questioner in Madrid: "If you mean the self-defence units created by the inhabitants of Crimea, we give them no orders, they take no orders from us.

"As for the military personnel of the Black Sea Fleet, they are in their deployment sites. Yes, additional vigilance measures were taken to safeguard the sites... We will do everything not to allow any bloodshed."

Russia did not attend a meeting with Kerry, British Foreign Secretary William Hague and Ukrainian Foreign Minister Andriy Deshchytsia of the so-called Budapest group created to assure Ukraine's security after it abandoned nuclear weapons in 1994.

But Kerry and Hague said they would try to bring the Russian and Ukrainian ministers together later in the day.

Poland's foreign minister tweeted that he would attend a meeting in Paris with those two ministers plus the United States, Germany, Britain, France and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

There was no immediate confirmation that all sides would attend the French-brokered session, which could be the first step towards a diplomatic mediation process.

SANCTIONS

Lavrov was later due to hold the first face-to-face talks with his U.S. counterpart since the crisis escalated, on the sidelines of a conference on Lebanon attended by the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council.

NATO and Russia planned parallel talks in Brussels amid concerns that a standoff between Russian and Ukrainian forces in Crimea could still spark violence, or that Moscow could also intervene in Russian-speaking eastern Ukraine.

The West is pushing for Russia to return troops to barracks, accept international monitors in Crimea and Ukraine and negotiate a solution to the crisis through a "contact group" probably under the auspices of a pan-European security body.

France said European Union leaders meeting in Brussels on Thursday could decide on sanctions against Russia if there is no "de-escalation" by then. Other EU countries, including Germany, are more reticent about sanctions.

President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday defended Russia's actions in Crimea, which used to be Russian territory, and said he would use force only as a last resort.

This eased market fears of a war over the former Soviet republic after sharp falls on Monday, although Russian shares and the rouble slipped again on Wednesday and Ukraine's hryvnia dropped against the dollar.

Russian forces remain in control of Crimea, where Interfax reported they seized control of two Ukrainian missile defence sites overnight, and Putin gave no sign of backing down.

"What he wants above all is a new empire, like the USSR but called Russia," former Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko told France's Europe 1 radio.

EU READY TO HELP

In Brussels, European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso said the EU would deliver assistance to Kiev in coordination with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the European Investment Bank.

Some of it would be contingent on Ukraine signing an IMF loan deal, which will require painful economic reforms such as ending domestic gas subsidies and letting the hryvnia float.

"The package combined could bring an overall support of at least 11 billion euros over the next couple of years, from the EU budget and EU-based international financial institutions," Barroso told a news conference. The United States offered Ukraine $1 billion in loan guarantees on Tuesday.

U.S. President Barack Obama acknowledged that Russia had legitimate interests in Ukraine but said that did not give Putin the right to intervene militarily.

"President Putin seems to have a different set of lawyers making a different set of interpretations," Obama said on Tuesday. "But I don't think that's fooling anybody."

A senior administration official said Obama spoke to German Chancellor Angela Merkel and discussed a potential resolution to the crisis. The Russian-speaking German leader has good relations with the German-speaking Putin, and Berlin is Russia's biggest economic partner.

The official said Obama, in his phone call with Putin last Saturday, had discussed what officials called an "off-ramp" to the crisis in which Russia would pull its forces in Crimea back to their bases and allow international monitors to ensure that the rights of ethnic Russians are protected.

G7 MAY MEET SOON

At his first news conference since the crisis began, Putin said on Tuesday that Russia reserved the right to use all options to protect compatriots who were living in "terror" in Ukraine but that force was not needed for now.

French President Francois Hollande raised the possibility of sanctions if Putin does not step back and accept mediation, taking a tougher public line than Merkel, who has avoided talk of sanctions so far.

French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said early measures could include restrictions on visas, the assets of individuals and existing discussions on economic ties with Russia.

Putin told his cabinet on Wednesday he did not want political tension to detract from economic cooperation with Russia's "traditional partners". But the Russian Information Agency said Moscow was preparing counter-measures against Western firms if necessary.

A senior U.S. official said Washington was ready to impose sanctions in days rather than weeks.

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper said after speaking to Obama at the weekend that the Group of Seven leading industrialised nations were considering meeting in the near future, a move that would pointedly exclude Russia. The G7 became the G8 in 1998 when Russia was formally included.

Lavrov told European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton that an EU-brokered agreement signed by political leaders in Kiev on Feb. 21 should be the basis for stabilising the situation in Ukraine, his ministry said on Wednesday.

He said the agreement foresaw constitutional reform which would take into account the wishes of all regions in Ukraine. Russia says the deal was broken by the removal of Yanukovich.

No major incidents were reported in Crimea on Wednesday and Ukraine's top security official said he hoped the crisis could be ended soon.

John Irish and Timothy Heritage

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