Wednesday 28 September 2016

Turkey focuses on home-grown Islamic State cell in deadly Ankara bombing

Humeyra Pamuk and Orhan Coskun

Published 13/10/2015 | 19:00

Commuters on a bus pass by flowers left by people for the victims at the site of the two explosions in Ankara that killed 97 people Credit: Emrah Gurel (AP)
Commuters on a bus pass by flowers left by people for the victims at the site of the two explosions in Ankara that killed 97 people Credit: Emrah Gurel (AP)

Turkish investigators believe a homegrown Islamic State cell, thought to have been behind previous attacks in the country, may have carried out the double suicide bombing that killed 97 people in the capital Ankara.

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Two bombs exploded seconds apart on Saturday, targeting a rally of pro-Kurdish activists and civic groups near Ankara's main train station, three weeks ahead of a general election.

It was the worst attack of its kind in Turkish history, triggering protests against what critics of President Tayyip Erdogan and the government see as a major intelligence failure.

"It would be arrogant to say that there was no intelligence failure here. There is certainly a mistake, a failure here, but its dimension will be revealed through investigations," Mr Erdogan told a news conference in Ankara on Tuesday, in his first spoken comments in public since the attack.

Read More: Turkish investigators are close to identifying one of the suicide bombers in attack that claimed 97 lives

Turkey's Human Rights Association said several families from the southeastern town of Adiyaman, where the group is thought to be based, had approached authorities in recent years expressing concern that their sons could have left to join Islamic State in Syria.

A man cries over the body of a victim, at the site of an explosion in Ankara Credit: Burhan Ozbilici (AP)
A man cries over the body of a victim, at the site of an explosion in Ankara Credit: Burhan Ozbilici (AP)

It said there had been no proper investigation.

The Radikal newspaper said on Tuesday police had identified 21 suspected Islamic State militants, six of them women, believed to be preparing an attack in Turkey. It said 18 of them were from Adiyaman.

Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said on Monday Islamic State was the prime suspect.

Demonstrators are stopped by the police during a protest against Saturday's bombings Credit: Osman Orsal
Demonstrators are stopped by the police during a protest against Saturday's bombings Credit: Osman Orsal
After the explosion, demonstrators attacked police

Officials in Ankara said they were focusing on the so-called "Adiyaman cell" - a group of Turks, some of whom had travelled to Syria, and who were thought also to have been behind a suicide bombing in July in the town of Suruc near the Syrian border, which killed 34 people.

Read More: Turks believe Isil behind massacre at peace rally

The cell is also believed to have been involved in the bombing of a pro-Kurdish opposition rally in the southeastern city of Diyarbakir on the eve of Turkey's last election in June.

Family members of Korkmaz Tedik, a victim of Saturday’s bomb blasts, mourn over his coffin during a funeral ceremony in Ankara
Family members of Korkmaz Tedik, a victim of Saturday’s bomb blasts, mourn over his coffin during a funeral ceremony in Ankara

"There is a possibility that someone from the Adiyaman group might have been responsible (for the Ankara bombing)," one senior government official told Reuters, speaking on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the investigation.

"Investigations are still ongoing. We have a few suspects and names ... DNA samples have been taken from some families and we will try to match them. The bombers' names will be revealed before long," the official said.

The moment of the explosion
The moment of the explosion

The possibility that a group known to the authorities carried out Saturday's attack has heaped pressure on the government, already under fire from opponents for failing to give more transparent information on its investigations into the Diyarbakir and Suruc attacks.

Osman Suzen, head of the Adiyaman branch of Turkey's Human Rights Association, said several families from the town had reported to the authorities concerns about their sons leaving to join Islamic State in Syria in recent years.

Read More: Turkey targets Isil over blasts as thousands rally at scene

Demonstrators hold placards read that:
Demonstrators hold placards read that: "We know the murderer!" during a protest against Saturday's Ankara bombings Credit: Murad Sezer

"Several families appealed to the authorities ... saying their sons are missing and they suspect they went to Syria and joined Islamic State," Suzen told Reuters.

"This problem has been around since 2013 and no proper or effective investigation has so far been made," he said.

Details of the investigations into the Diyarbakir and Suruc bombings have never been made public and are subject to reporting restrictions under Turkish law. Police and security officials could not immediately be reached for comment.

Turkey is vulnerable to infiltration by Islamic State, which holds swathes of Syrian land abutting Turkey where some two million refugees live.

But there has been no word from the group -- usually swift to publicly claim responsibility for any attack it conducts -- over the Ankara, Diyarbakir or Suruc bombings.

Read More: Deadly explosion rocks Turkish capital Ankara as 95 confirmed dead, 246 injured in 'suicide' attack

The pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP), which says it was the target of the Ankara bombings, has said President Erdogan and the government have blood on their hands.

"This attack happened because none of the necessary steps were taken after the previous ones. We wouldn't have lost so many of our people," HDP spokesman Ayhan Bilgen said.nder control.

Reuters

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