'Russia carried out mock nuclear strike on Sweden'
The Russian airforce conducted a mock nuclear strike against Sweden during war games less than three years ago, Nato has said.
The 2013 exercise, which saw a contingent of Russian aircraft approach Swedish airspace after crossing the Gulf of Finland, was one of several examples of dummy nuclear attacks against Nato and its allies in recent years, according to a new Nato report.
"As part of its overall military build-up, the pace of Russia's military manoeuvres and drills have reached levels unseen since the height of the Cold War," Jens Stoltenberg, the secretary general of Nato, wrote in his annual report for 2015.
"Over the past three years, Russia has conducted at least 18 large-scale snap exercises, some of which have involved more than 100,000 troops.
"These exercises include simulated nuclear attacks on Nato Allies (eg, ZAPAD [a large-scale Russian military exercise]) and on partners (eg, March 2013 simulated attacks on Sweden)," he added.
Two Tupolev Tu-22M3 strategic bombers escorted by four Sukhoi Su-27 jet fighters crossed the Gulf of Finland and came within 24 miles of Swedish territory off the island of Gotland, 100 miles from Stockholm, on March 29, 2013.
They veered off after apparently completing dummy bombing runs against targets believed to include a military base in southern Sweden and the headquarters of Sweden's signals intelligence agency outside Stockholm.
The incident caused controversy in Sweden at the time because the Swedish military was caught unprepared and had to rely on Danish airforce jets, operating as part of a Nato's Baltic air policing mission, to respond.
Nato declined to comment further on the incident, saying it had "nothing to add" to the statement in the report.
Neither President Vladimir Putin nor Russia's ministry of defence have not publicly responded to the claims, but one retired general said that the report was "nonsense designed to stir up hysteria about the Baltic states".
"This statement about a supposed nuclear strike on Sweden is nothing more than a provocation," said Evgenny Buzhinsky, a former general in Moscow.
Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014 and subsequent involvement in the war in eastern Ukraine have raised military tensions in Europe to Cold War levels.
British defence officials have expressed mounting concern at an increase in the number of Russian military flights probing Nato airspace, including around the British Isles.
"We haven't had to worry about this for 25 years. While I wish it were otherwise, now we do," Ash Carter, US defence secretary said.
(© Daily Telegraph London)