PRESIDENT Vladimir Putin (right) has urged Russians to have at least three children.
In a bullish state of the nation address in Moscow, he said a resurgent nation should be an "influential" power on the world stage.
Mr Putin promised to stop corruption, create millions of jobs and boost Russia's military power.
He said foreign meddling in the country's internal affairs was unacceptable and claimed the country shared universal democratic values.
"Russian democracy is the power of the Russian people with their own traditions of national self-government, and not the realisation of standards foisted on us."
Mr Putin lauded recent measures to give payments and other benefits to mothers with a second child. Current birth rates show an average of 1.7 children born to each Russian woman.
New payments for those having a third child would begin next year, he said. A 2010 census put the total population of Russia at 143 million.