Pope and Vatican accused of crimes against humanity
LAWYERS for victims of sexual abuse by the clergy have asked the International Criminal Court to investigate Pope Benedict XVI and three top Vatican officials for crimes against humanity for allowing rape and child sex crimes.
Together with New York-based rights group Centre for Constitutional Rights (CCR), the group Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests (SNAP) filed a complaint with the ICC alleging that Vatican officials had tolerated and enabled sex crimes.
"Crimes against tens of thousands of victims, most of them children, are being covered up by officials at the highest level of the Vatican. In this case, all roads really do lead to Rome," CCR attorney Pam Spees said.
The Catholic Church has been rocked by a series of sexual abuse cover-up scandals in both Europe and the United States in recent years.
A Vatican spokesman said there would be no immediate comment. An ICC official referred inquiries to the prosecutor, whose office was also not immediately available for comment.
It is unlikely, however, that the Hague-based ICC, the world's first permanent war crimes court, will take on the case as it lacks jurisdiction over the Vatican, which has not ratified the ICC's founding treaty.
Countries such as Italy, the Netherlands and Germany are signed up to the court, however, and prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo is likely to at least assess whether he has jurisdiction over the case.
CCR said it had lodged more than 20,000 pages of reports, policy papers and evidence of crimes by Catholic clergy committed against children and vulnerable adults and that SNAP members from Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and the US travelled to The Hague to lodge the filing.
The ICC has issued an arrest warrant against Libya's Muammar Gaddafi and has jurisdiction over the crimes of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. It lists rape, sexual violence, assault and torture as crimes against humanity.
It has received multiple requests for investigations in the past, such as a filing from Syrian human rights groups in June calling on the court to investigate the killing of civilians in Syria, but the court also lacks jurisdiction in Syria.