Paris Terror Attacks: Stories of some of the victims killed on Friday
Published 19/11/2015 | 08:14
They were artists and students, music lovers, parents and newlyweds. The victims of last week's attacks in Paris had varied backgrounds and interests.
Among the 129 killed, here are some of their stories:
:: He was Christophe Lellouche to some, Chris Kelevra to others, and "Moke" online - a communications worker, musician, and football fan site provocateur. And he was at the Bataclan when the attackers stormed in.
Mr Lellouche, 33, was a guitarist and back-up vocalist in an indie pop band, Olivier, and he had composed music for Jung Forever, a Belgian short film about a therapist and a despondent, cancer-stricken woman.
He and director Jean-Sebastien Lopez had barely met, but Mr Lellouche immediately grasped the film's nuances, and he and another musician quickly created exactly what Mr Lopez was looking for, the director wrote on his Facebook page in a tribute. Mr Lellouche had an instinct "that captured all of what I was feeling and that transformed all of it into notes and melody", he wrote.
Mr Lellouche's beloved team, Olympique de Marseille, tweeted that he would "always be among us". Under Moke and other aliases, he was a piquant commentator on fan sites including the satirical Horsjeu.
But while he was sharp-tongued online, he was anything but in real life, friends said.
"You - during the time I knew you, the too few times I saw you - gave the impression of being a good guy, serene, at ease with himself and, above all, happy with what life had to offer him," friend Guillaume Duhamel wrote in an essay on the political and cultural site Le Nouveau Cenacle.
:: Veronique Geoffroy de Bourgies, 54, was out to dinner with friends who were visiting from out of town when attackers began shooting at La Belle Equipe, a restaurant near her home that she and her husband had recently discovered.
Her husband, photographer Stephane de Bourgies, who was in China for work when the attack happened, lost his parents in an accident three decades ago, and he and his wife had spoken to their children about death. They talked about the importance of letting people know you love them because that love can carry you through when something terrible happens.
The pair had adopted their daughter Melissa, 14, and a son, 12, both from Madagascar. Shortly after Melissa's adoption they decided to do something to help other children from that country. They founded Zazakely Sambatry, a humanitarian organisation whose name means "happy children" in the Malagasy language, according to the organisation's website.
"She was the one who did everything. I supported her in this project, but she was really the one who threw herself into it," Mr de Bourgies told French television station TF1, adding that it was important to his wife to help the children learn and grow up able to support themselves so they would stay and help improve the country.
As soon as he got the call that his wife had been killed, Mr de Bourgies began the trip home to be with the couple's children, who were being cared for by the friends who had been with his wife when she died.
"They were doing surprisingly well, almost better than me," Mr de Bourgies said in the interview with TF1. "I fell apart and it was them who made me feel better."
Ms de Bourgies was very funny and had a tremendous energy and strong personality, her husband said.
"If she didn't like something, she didn't hesitate to say it," he told the television station. "But that was a fault that often became a positive trait."
The couple lived relatively close to the scene of the Charlie Hebdo attack earlier this year, so terrorism was not a foreign notion to them.
"We had talked about it like everyone talks about it," he said. "We know it happens, but we didn't imagine it would happen to us."
:: Chloe Boissinot, 25, had stopped in at a Paris restaurant with her boyfriend when the terrorists attacked. He survived, she didn't.
Ms Boissinot went to Paris two years ago to be with him and began working in a pub, according to the 7 In Poitiers news website. Friends and family poured out their grief on social media.
"Chloe was full of life and health. I want everyone to remember her that way," her sister Jenny posted on Facebook. Her mother Babette wrote parting thoughts to her departed daughter: "You will stay my little one always. You won't grow old. You won't get cancer."
Others were angry and defiant. One family friend wrote to the attackers: "Terrorist, does my freedom of thought bother you? I'm a woman, French, I wear a skirt, put on high heels, drink wine. Look at me: I think, speak, spit my hatred in your eye. I am diversity. I am tolerance. Look at me: you won't make me tremble."
At Chateau-Larcher in western France, where Ms Boissinot went to school, residents observed a moment of silence. Writing in a guestbook, according to the news website Francebleu, one friend called her "a beautiful flower ripped from the ground by terrorism".
:: It was a night out for Claire Scesa Camax, a chance to indulge her love of music by seeing Eagles of Death Metal at the Bataclan.
When the terrorists struck, the graphic designer and mother of two was killed. Her husband Laurent survived.
Ms Camax, who was in her mid-30s, loved the arts, from drawing and painting to comics and rock music, her husband told Le Courrier des Yvelines, a newspaper in the Paris suburbs.
"She was extremely energetic, joyous, warm," a multitalented person and dedicated friend, he told the newspaper.
A graphic-arts school graduate, she started her own design business several years ago, creating websites, logos, ads and more in a clean, sometimes whimsical style. Her clients included Paris's famed Crazy Horse cabaret, which tweeted its "infinite sadness" about her death.
She and her husband were raising their children, three and seven, in Houilles, a Paris suburb. They were, he told Le Courrier des Yvelines, leading "a peaceful, middle-class French life".
:: Romain Dunet's interest in teaching had taken him around the world. The 28-year-old was an English teacher at a Paris high school when he was killed at the Bataclan, but he had done a stint helping instruct New Zealand students in French in 2013.
He pursued another passion, music, at open-mic nights in Paris bars and cafes, where he was known as Romain Dunay. Mixing covers and his own material, "he was a natural with creating vocal harmonies, and the effect was always stirring", a friend from that scene, Riyad Sanford, said. A video that friends put together features him playing uptempo, acoustic pop-rock on guitar and singing about living in a virtual world.
Fellow musicians enjoyed his easygoing, fun-loving attitude as well as his music, Mr Sanford said.
"He had a fabulous sense of humour," he said. "Extremely approachable, he made many friends very quickly."
During his time in Dunedin, New Zealand, Mr Dunet "formed an incredibly positive relationship" with students, Judith Forbes, the principal of one of the several schools where he was an assistant teacher, told the Otago Daily Times.
A former student, Sashika Hendry, agreed.
"He just really wanted to help everyone," she told the newspaper, "and make French fun as well."
:: Nathalie Jardin, 31, was the lighting designer for the Bataclan concert targeted by terrorists. She died doing a job to which she was devoted and for which she was known for her dedication and passion.
Nicknamed Natalight, Ms Jardin was originally from the town of Marcq-en-Baroeul in northern France. She went to Paris to work for a succession of bands. One of them, Les Fatals Picards, wrote an intimate tribute to her on its Facebook site, remembering her love of music and surfing, talent for preparing the punch bowl before concerts, ability to down an entire salad bowl of cut vegetables, and disapproval when they decided to change the set list at the last moment. A friend added that she liked good french fries. Another friend commented on the live entertainment website ampthemag.com: "Wherever you are, I know you'll make them dance again."
:: Maud Serrault, 37, of Paris, had just begun married life when she died in the attack on the Bataclan. Days later, her Facebook site still showed her strolling down a wooded path at a hotel in Germany with her groom in a tuxedo for their June wedding.
She wore a rainbow-coloured tiara and clutched a bouquet. In the other hand, she was holding the train of her wedding gown, covered casually by a denim jacket. Ms Serrault and her husband were together at the concert, but he managed to flee, according to the hotel trade website Hospitality ON. Ms Serrault was director of marketing and e-commerce for Best Western France.
A native of Paris, she studied marketing and communications at CELSA Paris-Sorbonne.
:: Alban Denuit, 32, born in Marmande, France, was an artist who was attending the concert at Bataclan hall. He taught and showed his work in the city of Bordeaux, according to the Sud Ouest news site. The Eponyme Gallery in Bordeaux, which promoted his work, issued a statement speaking of its "deep sadness" over the death of this emerging young artist.
:: Gregory Fosse, 28, of Paris, who worked for the D17 television station as a music programmer, died at the Bataclan doing what he loved best: listening to music. Terry Jee, of Paris, a singer and friend, said Mr Fosse embraced music of many styles. He had given considerable air time to Jee's song Peace and Love, which is a call for goodwill and tolerance, and that is how the two men became friends.
"He wanted people to hear this message of peace," Jee said. "He wore his heart on his sleeve and was always ready to help others." Fighting through tears, Jee added: "Now I see that life is unfair."
Mr Fosse had worked in recent years for the TV station in Boulogne, on the outskirts of Paris. The station put out a statement saying: "We all knew his kindness, his special smile, and his passion for music," according to the Liberation newspaper. Mayor Regis Bizeau in Gambais, where Mr Fosse grew up, said the community was "deeply shaken", according to the Toutes les Nouvelles news website.
Jee said he has dedicated Peace and Love - called Vive La Paix in its French version - to his friend.
:: Among the audience at the Bataclan, Anne and Pierre-Yves Guyomard were particularly steeped in music. He was a well-known sound engineer who taught his craft at a technical institute, and she was a former student.
"He was a kind human, super-competent, extremely funny and fun-loving," singer Leslie Winer said. "Peerless" in both the studio and live settings, Mr Guyomard, 43, worked with artists including Winer and the French rock band Tanger, said guitarist Christophe Van Huffel, a former Tanger member and a collaborator of Winer's.
Ms Guyomard, 29, had been one of her husband's students before changing careers to paediatric nursing, Van Huffel said. She worked at a child care centre near Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the Paris suburb where they lived and were married in May 2013 by mayor Emmanuel Lamy, according to the French newspaper Le Parisien. He recalled a couple "full of life and hope".
The two had lived for a time on the Indian Ocean island of Reunion, where Ms Guyomard's relatives told news outlet L'Info they had spent an agonising day and a half wondering about the couple's fate, calling unanswered phones, and appealing for word of the two on Facebook before being told they had been killed.
She was "the daughter I would wish on all parents - one who's attentive, one who's full of life", and she loved children and people in general, brother-in-law Chris Hamer told L'Info.
The last time Winer spoke to Mr Guyomard, she said, "he told me they were hoping to have children some time soon".
:: Romain Didier and Lamia Mondeguer were celebrating a friend's birthday at the La Belle Equipe bar when terrorists killed them and 17 others there.
The couple had been dating for just four months, since her 30th birthday party in July, said her employer, talent agent Mathilde Mayet.
Fun-loving, assertive, lively, funny and very frank, "she really incarnated youth today", Ms Mayet said.
Ms Mondeguer was in charge of Noma Talents' work with actors and had worked at the agency for five years, Ms Mayet said. A graduate of l'Ecole superieure d'etudes cinematographiques, a Paris film school, she was passionate about culture and cinema. She made a film that interviewed visitors at an environmentally themed 2009 exhibit that aimed to get at the similarities and differences of people around the world, the Goodplanet foundation wrote on its website.
Mr Didier, 32, arrived in Paris from the wine-making community of Sancerre, where residents and the mayor gathered for a moment of silence in his honour, according to local news outlet Le Berry Republicain. In the capital, he studied drama and managed the Little Temple Bar for several years with a big smile, "great energy, great kindness, great jokes, great joy and a warm welcome", according to a tribute on the bar's Facebook page.
Some of his free time was spent playing with Crocodiles Rugby, and the team said his "joie de vivre was unequalled" in a post on its Facebook page.
"You knew what the words 'courage' and 'unity' meant," the team wrote.
:: Manuel Colaco Dias, a 63-year-old Portuguese man who lived in France for more than 40 years, was the only person who was killed near the Stade de France, where three attackers blew themselves up outside the stadium. Mr Dias was a driver with the French company Regnault Autocars, according to French newspaper Le Parisien.
His daughter, Sophie Colaco Dias, said he travelled from his home town of Reims, about 90 miles away from Paris, with three clients attending the game.
"After dropping them off, he gave a call to my mother and told her he preferred to stay outside instead of buying a ticket for the match so he could speak with her on the phone," she recalled. "But my mum was already speaking with me on another line. She told my father that she would call him back. After that, she constantly reached his voicemail."
:: Marion Lieffrig-Petard, 30, loved to study music, explore other cultures and spend time with her 24-year-old sister Anna. They died together at a Paris restaurant during the terrorist attacks.
She was a student at Paris-Sorbonne University studying for a master's degree in music. But her wanderlust had taken her to studies in Barcelona. She hoped to do the second year of her degree in Palermo, Italy, according to a Paris-Sorbonne news release.
:: Quentin Boulenger, who led marketing projects at the French cosmetics company L'Oreal Paris, was killed at the Bataclan theatre.
Mr Boulenger, 29, was raised in the French city of Reims and had lived in Paris for the past few years working at L'Oreal.
He graduated from the Audencia Nantes School of Management in 2010. The school eulogised Mr Boulenger on Twitter.
:: Suzon Garrigues, 21, loved rock music and the socially conscious works of 19th-century French novelist Emile Zola.
Ms Garrigues died in the attack at the Bataclan theatre. She went to the concert with her brother, who was pushed to safety by the stampeding crowd, according to Le Parisien newspaper's website.
In a news release, Paris-Sorbonne University president Barthelemy Jobert remembered Ms Garrigues, who was pursuing a bachelor's degree in literature there, as generous, funny, and a deep admirer of Zola's works. Her father is a dermatologist in the Paris suburb of Maisons-Lafitte, where deputy mayor Jacques Myard said Ms Garrigues's "cowardly murder at Bataclan was the work of the dregs of humanity", Le Parisien reported.
:: Marie Lausch and Mathias Dymarski loved music and going to concerts and had gone with another couple to see Eagles of Death Metal at the Bataclan.
"Both of them had tremendous energy and an enthusiasm for life," said a statement from a group of their close friends provided by friend Pierre Charton.
The pair, both 23, had been together for five years and had moved in together in Paris two months ago, the statement said. Ms Lausch was in her final year of business school and was doing an internship in the cosmetics industry in Paris. Mr Dymarski, a civil engineer, had just got a job in the Paris region.
Ms Lausch was passionate about fashion and dance, while Mr Dymarski was a high-level BMX rider. They also enjoyed travelling, going out with friends and sneaking off for a romantic weekend together, their friends said.
:: Ciprian Calciu, 32, and Lacramioara Pop, 29, were among the millions of Romanians who have migrated West in recent years in search of better-paid jobs. The dream of a better life took them separately to Paris, where they met, became a couple and had a son, Kevin, now 18 months old.
They died at the Belle Equipe restaurant where they were celebrating a friend's birthday, said Mr Calciu's cousin, Ancuta Iuliana Calciu.
"They weren't even sure what restaurant to go to. There was another one about 250 meters away they wanted to go to," she added.
Mr Calciu repaired elevators and Ms Pop, who had an 11-year-old daughter from a previous relationship, worked in a bar.
"I'm so glad they didn't take their son that night," Mr Calciu's cousin said.
Flowers and candles appeared at the gate of Pop's family home in the small village of Coas in far north-western Romania, while in Tulcea, an eastern port at the end of the 1,780-mile River Danube, there was a memorial service at the church where Kevin was baptised.
:: Raphael Hilz, a 28-year-old architect originally from the southern German town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, was one of two German victims of the attacks, killed at a restaurant near his office.
He had been working for six months in Paris in the international firm of architect Renzo Piano, his uncle told the Suedtirol News.
The firm was "very sad to confirm that one of our colleagues of German nationality" died in the Friday attacks.
They said two other colleagues, from Mexico and Ireland, were injured but were now doing well.
:: Nicolas Classeau, the popular director of the University of Marne-la-Vallee outside Paris, was mourned on the school's Facebook page.
"Full of wisdom and kindness," the page said in announcing his death the day after the attacks. "Invested in his work, dedicated to help students beginning with personalised assistance," the page said, adding how Mr Classeau was always able to help students solve complicated academic problems and situations.
"Words fail to describe the sadness we are currently experiencing. A thought for all the dead of this barbarism and their families," the site said. The university also offered psychological assistance to anyone in need.
Mr Classeau, 43, was the father of three children under the age of 16, according to Le Parisien.
He was a lover of rock music and played guitar in a band during high school, the newspaper said. He was attending the Bataclan when he was killed. His companion was wounded and is in hospital.
:: Nick Alexander, 36, of Colchester, England, was working at the Bataclan selling merchandise for the Eagles of Death Metal. "Nick was not just our brother, son and uncle, he was everyone's best friend - generous, funny and fiercely loyal," his family said in a statement. "Nick died doing the job he loved and we take great comfort in knowing how much he was cherished by his friends around the world."
:: Hannover-born art critic Fabian Stech was among the victims killed at the Bataclan. The 51-year-old, who had been living in France since 1994, taught in Dijon at a private art school and worked for the German art magazine Kunstforum International, the magazine said in a condolence notice on its website.
He leaves behind a wife and two children, the magazine said.
"That Fabian had to die such a horrible and unnecessary death makes our pain and grief unbearable," his family in Germany said in a statement published in the Hannoverische Allgemeine newspaper. "Together with his children and his wife, we miss Fabian. He was a great person."