Europe

Friday 1 August 2014

Former French president Nicolas Sarkozy charged with corruption

Published 02/07/2014|06:55

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Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy leaves his house in Paris, Wednesday, July 2, 2014. Sarkozy, his lawyer and a magistrate are facing preliminary charges in a corruption investigation linked to allegations that he took 50 million euros ($67 million) in illegal campaign funds from Libya's Moammar Gadhafi, after a night of questioning by judicial officials. (AP Photo/Jacques Brinon)
Sarkozy, his lawyer and a magistrate are facing preliminary charges in a corruption investigation linked to allegations that he took €50 million in illegal campaign funds from Libya's Moammar Gadhafi, after a night of questioning by judicial officials. (AP Photo/Jacques Brinon)
Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy arrives with police by car at the financial investigation unit in Paris
Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy arrives with police by car at the financial investigation unit in Paris
Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy (2ndL) arrives with police by car at the financial investigation unit in Paris to be presented to a judge late July 1, 2014. Former French President Sarkozy was held for questioning for 15 hours on Tuesday over suspicions he used his influence to secure leaked details of an inquiry into alleged irregularities in his 2007 election campaign. REUTERS/Pascal Rossignol (FRANCE - Tags: POLITICS CRIME LAW)
Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy

FORMER French president Nicolas Sarkozy has been formally charged with alleged corruption.

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Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy was placed under formal investigation on suspicions he tried to use his influence to thwart an investigation of his 2007 election campaign, the prosecutor's office said.

The step, which often but not always leads to trial, is a major setback to Sarkozy's hopes of a comeback after his 2012 defeat by Socialist rival Francois Hollande. The conservative politician denies all wrongdoing in a string of investigations in which he is either directly or indirectly implicated.

Magistrates are looking to see whether Sarkozy used his influence to secure leaked details of an inquiry into alleged irregularities in his victorious 2007 campaign. He is suspected of influence-peddling, corruption and benefiting from "the breach of professional secrets," the prosecutor's office said.

Sarkozy, 59, was held in police custody in the Paris suburb of Nanterre for nearly 15 hours before being transferred in the early hours of Wednesday to a court where he met investigating magistrates who will run the inquiry.

Sarkozy's attorney and a judge involved in the case were similarly placed under formal investigation on suspicion of influence peddling, their attorneys said.

"These events only rely on phone taps ... whose legal basis will be strongly contested," said Paul-Albert Iweins, the attorney for Sarkozy's attorney, Thierry Herzog.

Sarkozy's allies cast doubts over one of the investigating magistrate's fairness, accusing the judge of political bias.

"I question the impartiality of one of the judges," Christian Estrosi, the mayor of the southern city of Nice told France Info radio, accusing Hollande's government of having whipped up "an atmosphere of hate".

Prime Minister Manuel Valls dismissed accusations of a plot, saying judges had the right to be politically active.

Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy (2ndL) arrives with police by car at the financial investigation unit in Paris to be presented to a judge late July 1, 2014. Former French President Sarkozy was held for questioning for 15 hours on Tuesday over suspicions he used his influence to secure leaked details of an inquiry into alleged irregularities in his 2007 election campaign. REUTERS/Pascal Rossignol (FRANCE - Tags: POLITICS CRIME LAW)

ATTENTION EDITORS FRENCH LAW REQUIRES THAT CAR REGISTRATION PLATES ARE MASKED IN PUBLICATIONS WITHIN FRANCE
Former French President Nicolas Sarkozyarrives with police by car at the financial investigation unit in Paris

Placing a suspect under formal investigation means there exists "serious or consistent evidence" pointing to probable implication of a suspect in a crime.

Influence-peddling can be punished by up to five years in prison and active corruption carries a sentence up to 10 years.

It was the second time the ex-president, who lost immunity from legal prosecution a month after he left office in June 2012, has been placed under such a judicial probe. The first was in 2013 but magistrates later dropped the case against him.

 

WEB OF INQUIRIES

There are six legal cases, including this one, hanging over the ex-president's head, a shadow that many in his UMP party believe compromises his ability to lead a comeback in 2017.

The current questioning relates to suspicions he used his influence to get information on an investigation into funding irregularities in his victorious 2007 election campaign.

Specifically, magistrates will seek to establish whether Sarkozy tried to get a judge promoted to the bench in Monaco in exchange for information on that campaign finance inquiry.

Last October, magistrates dropped a formal investigation into Sarkozy's role in irregularities in that 2007 campaign, and whether he had exploited the mental frailty of France's richest woman, L'Oreal heiress Liliane Bettencourt, to fund it.

But as investigators used phone-taps to examine separate allegations that late Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi funded the same campaign, they began to suspect he had kept tabs on the Bettencourt case through a network of informants.

Those suspicions finally prompted police to launch an inquiry in February, which led to Wednesday's formal investigation. Under French law, a suspect is not technically charged with a crime until later in the process.

Sarkozy said last week he was "in a period of reflection" on a possible comeback expected to be announced before a scheduled meeting of the UMP to choose its next chairman in November.

While Sarkozy remains the favourite of conservatives to challenge Hollande, he is widely detested by left-wingers and his abrasive style alienated many middle-of-the-road voters.

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