A RUSSIAN former executive director at the European Bank was charged with soliciting a $1.4 million bribe today.
Yelena Kotova was charged with soliciting $1.4m (€1.1m) from representatives of a Canadian oil company, along with former banker Igor Lebedev, in return for ensuring the approval of a sizable loan.
The charges were filed two years after Kotova was removed as Russia's most senior representative at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, which was created in 1991 to help countries in eastern Europe make the transition from communism to the market economy.
"The perpetrators planned to receive money in return for working to approve a loan of $95m (€71m) to the foreign company," the Russian Interior Ministry said.
Kotova, who returned to Moscow after leaving the bank, has repeatedly protested her innocence. The 58-year-old ex-banker has since launched a career as a writer, recently publishing her third novel, entitled "Women's Corporation".
In an interview in June 2011, Kotova said she had been the victim of a politically motivated internal probe led by a former criminal investigator from the U.S. Department of Justice.
The goal of the investigation, said her lawyer Sergei Mirzoyev, was to rule Kotova out of contention for a position of vice president at the EBRD that had been due to fall vacant.
Mirzoyev also dismissed the charges as baseless, saying investigators were relying on the testimony of one witness only and lacked documentary evidence to back their charges.
"They have been working on the case for a year and a half and they haven't found any convincing evidence of guilt," he told Reuters.
Kotova, who was previously a vice president at state-controlled bank VTB, was appointed by the government as its executive director to the London-based EBRD in 2005.
The senior position, in which she represented the interests of Russia and the former Soviet states of Belarus and Tajikistan, put her in a position to influence decisions by the 24-member EBRD board to award development loans.
She left the bank under a cloud at the end of 2010 and her legal immunity was lifted, opening the way for Russian and British law enforcement authorities to open investigations.
A police investigation in London continues, with two people charged with corruption and money laundering, three others on bail and further suspects abroad, a spokesman said.
The EBRD takes note of, and has "fully cooperated" with, the Russian investigation, said spokesman Jonathan Charles.
Kotova and Lebedev face fines or jail terms of up to seven years if convicted, a spokesman for the Interior Ministry's investigative department said. They have not been arrested but are not allowed to leave Russia.