Five years on: Norway remembers 77 victims of 2011 massacre
People across Norway are paying tribute to the 77 people killed in a bombing and shooting rampage five years ago.
Church services and other events are being held to mark one of the darkest days in the nation's history, which saw Anders Behring Breivik go on a rampage in Oslo and on the island of Utoya.
Prime minister Erna Solberg described July 22, 2011, as "a very sad" day that shook the small nation. "It is always very onerous," she told Norwegian news agency NTB.
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Ms Solberg will lead government tributes at wreath-laying ceremonies and at a service in Oslo Cathedral.
Also in attendance will be members of Norway's royal family, victims' relatives and representatives from a youth group that organised the summer camp on Utoya where Breivik gunned down 69 people.
That carnage came after he ignited a car bomb at the government quarter in Oslo that killed another eight.