Crowds of up to 100,000 march against austerity in Spain
Up to 100,000 people marched in Madrid yesterday in the biggest show of support yet for Spanish anti-austerity party Podemos, whose policies and surging pre-election popularity have drawn comparisons with Greece’s new Syriza rulers.
Police said at least 100,000 people participated in the march while Podemos put the figure at 300,000. Podemos (“We Can”) aims to shatter the country’s predominantly two-party system and the “March for Change” gathered crowds in the same place where sit-in protests against political and financial corruption laid the party’s foundations in 2011.
The party’s rise is greatly due to the charisma of its pony-tailed leader, Pablo Iglesias, a 36-year-old political science professor. Hailing from the Madrid working class neighborhood of Vallecas, Iglesias prefers jeans and rolled-up shirt sleeves to a suit and tie, and champions slogans such as Spain is “run by the butlers of the rich” and that the economy must serve the people.
“We want change,” Iglesias told the crowd. “This is the year for change and we’re going to win the elections.”
Crowds chanted “yes we can” or “tic tac tic tac” to suggest the clock was ticking for Spain’s political elite. Many waved Greek and Republican flags and banners reading “the change is now” or “Pablo president”.
Podemos produced a major shock by winning five seats in elections for the European Parliament in May. Tapping into Spaniards’ austerity fatigue and widespread anger at “la casta”, as it calls the country’s business and political elites, it is currently topping opinion polls in the run-up to local, regional and national elections this year.
“People are fed up with the political class,” said Antonia Fernandez, a 69-year-old pensioner from Madrid who had come to the demonstration with her family.
Ms Fernandez, who lives with her husband on a €700-a-month combined pension cheque, said she used to vote for the Socialist Party but had lost faith in it because
of its handling of the economic crisis and its austerity policies. “If we want to have a future, we need jobs,” she said.
Spain is emerging from a seven-year economic slump as one of the eurozone’s fastest growing countries. But the exit from recession has yet to ease the hardship for millions of households, in a country where nearly one in four of the workforce remains out of a job.
Addressing the crowd in the Puerta del Sol square in central Madrid, Mr Iglesias said 2015 would be the “year of change” in Spain. “The wind of change is starting to blow in Europe,” he said in Greek, as he praised Greek leftist leader Alexis Tsipras’s first decisions as prime minister.
Mr Tsipras promised that five years of austerity, “humiliation and suffering” imposed by international creditors were over after his Syriza party romped to election victory on January 25.
“Who said it was impossible? Greece today has a government of change. In Greece, more has been done in six days than in many years,” Mr Iglesias said.
Like Syriza, Podemos hopes to seize power by overturning the two-party system in place since Spain embraced democracy in the 1970s, and by swallowing up other leftist parties such as the Socialists and former communists of Izquierda Unida.
Mr Iglesias earlier this month increased pressure on the two parties by saying Spaniards would be faced with a binary choice at the next general election: “Podemos or the (ruling conservative) People’s Party.” He repeated this yesterday.
Podemos, in a sign of its ambitions to capture disappointed Socialist voters who had initially been scared by earlier more radical plans, had already toned down its economic programme in November last year, with some success. An official poll carried at the end of 2014 showed that one in four people who voted for the Socialists in the 2011 general election would today cast their ballot for Podemos.
Jose Pablo Ferrandiz, a sociologist who heads the leading polling firm Metroscopia, said Podemos’ strategy was to occupy the space of social democracy deserted by the Socialists and to use it to win the general elections.
“Spain’s electoral law means parties will have to secure alliances to govern. So if Podemos comes first on the left, the Socialists will have to decide who they back: the People’s Party in a grand coalition or Podemos,” he said.