Displaced Rohingya still suffering, says UN human rights envoy
Conditions in camps for Burma's Muslim Rohingya minority remain poor with overcrowding and a lack of proper sanitation facilities, the UN's special human rights envoy to the country has said.
Speaking at the end of a 12-day visit, Special Rapporteur Yanghee Lee said ending institutionalised discrimination against the Muslim communities in western Rakhine State must be an urgent priority, and restrictions on them cannot be justified on grounds of security or ensuring stability.
The camps are home to more than 100,000 Rohingya who were forced from their homes four years ago by communal violence.
Discrimination against the Rohingya is widespread and the government refuses to recognise most as citizens, treating even long-term residents as illegal immigrants.
"It is clear that tensions along religious lines remain pervasive across Myanmar (Burma) society.
"Incidents of hate speech, incitement to discrimination, hatred and violence, and of religious intolerance continue to be a cause for concern," Ms Lee said in a statement.
The violence that was originally directed towards Rohingya in Rakhine has since affected Muslim communities in other parts of the overwhelmingly Buddhist country.
Lee expressed concern over recent incidents of Buddhist encroachments or attacks on property of other religions, which have been met with little response by the authorities.
"It is vital that the government take prompt action, including by conducting thorough investigations and holding perpetrators to account.
"I am therefore concerned by reports that the government will not pursue action in the most recent case due to fears of fuelling greater tensions and provoking more conflict.
"This is precisely the wrong signal to send," she said.
While highlighting other human rights problems, including abuses by both sides in insurgencies involving other ethnic minorities, Ms Lee said the situation was still encouraging since the party of Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi took power in March, succeeding an army-backed government.
"The peaceful transition to a democratically elected and civilian-led government after five decades is a significant milestone for Myanmar (Burma)," she said.
"My visit thus takes place at an important juncture for the country.
"After the euphoria in the wake of last year's elections, the reality of the significant and wide-ranging challenges facing the new government has not significantly dampened the sense of optimism and hope amongst many sectors of the population."