Wednesday 20 September 2017

Contractor arrested after intelligence report on Russian hacking leaked

The classified report was published online by The Intercept
The classified report was published online by The Intercept

A US federal contractor has been arrested following the leak of a classified intelligence report that suggests Russian hackers attacked at least one voting software supplier days before last year's presidential election.

Shortly after the release of the report by The Intercept on Monday, the Justice Department announced it had charged a government contractor in Georgia with leaking a classified report containing "top secret-level" information to an online news organisation.

The report the contractor allegedly leaked is dated May 5, the same date as the document The Intercept posted online.

The report suggests election-related hacking penetrated further into US voting systems than previously known.

The classified National Security Agency report does not say whether the hacking had any effect on election results. But it says Russian military intelligence attacked a US voting software company and sent spear-phishing emails to more than 100 local election officials at the end of October or beginning of November.

US intelligence agencies declined to comment and a Kremlin spokesman denied the report.

The document said Russian military intelligence "executed cyber espionage operations against a named US company in August 2016 evidently to obtain information on elections-related software and hardware solutions, according to information that became available in April 2017".

Dmitry Peskov, spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin, denied the allegations on Tuesday, saying the Kremlin did not see "any evidence to prove this information is true".

He said Moscow categorically denies "the possibility" of the Russian government being behind it.

The hackers are believed to have then used data from that operation to create a new email account to launch a spear-phishing campaign targeting US local government organisations, the document said.

"Lastly, the actors send test emails to two non-existent accounts ostensibly associated with absentee balloting, presumably with the purpose of creating those accounts to mimic legitimate services," it said.

The information in the leaked document seems to go further than the US intelligence agencies' January assessment of the hacking that occurred.

"Russian intelligence obtained and maintained access to elements of multiple US state or local electoral boards," that assessment said.

The Department of Homeland Security "assesses that the types of systems Russian actors targeted or compromised were not involved in vote tallying".

The Intercept contacted NSA and the national intelligence director's office about the document and both agencies asked for it not to be published.

US intelligence officials then asked The Intercept to redact certain sections. The Intercept said some material was withheld at the agencies' request because it was not "clearly in the public interest".

In its announcement of the arrest, the Justice Department said Reality Leigh Winner, 25, of Augusta, Georgia, has been charged in US District Court with copying classified documents and mailing them to a reporter with an unnamed news organisation.

Prosecutors did not say which federal agency Ms Winner worked for, but FBI agent Justin Garrick said in an affidavit filed with the court that she had previously served in the Air Force and held a top-secret security clearance.

Ms Winner's lawyer Titus Thomas Nichols declined to confirm whether she is accused of leaking the NSA report received by The Intercept.

"My client has no (criminal) history, so it's not as if she has a pattern of having done anything like this before," Mr Nichols said.

"She is a very good person. All this craziness has happened all of a sudden."

In affidavits filed with the court, Mr Garrick said the government was notified of the leaked report by the news outlet that received it. He said the agency that housed the report determined only six employees had made physical copies, and Ms Winner was one of them.

Mr Garrick said investigators found Ms Winner had exchanged email with the news outlet using her work computer.

The affidavit said Mr Garrick interviewed Ms Winner at her home on Saturday and she "admitted intentionally identifying and printing the classified intelligence reporting at issue" and mailing it to the news outlet.

Mr Nichols said: "If there is a confession, the government has not shown it to me."

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