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Saturday 30 August 2014

Missing flight 370: Search narrowed for plane 'to area the size of Alaska'

Published 25/03/2014 | 12:03

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A relative of a passenger aboard Malaysia Airlines MH370 cries as he marches along a street with other family members during a protest rally in Beijing
A relative of a passenger aboard Malaysia Airlines MH370 cries as he marches along a street with other family members during a protest rally in Beijing
Relatives of Chinese passengers onboard the Malaysia Airlines plane MH370 scuffle with Chinese police officers outside the Malaysian embassy in Beijing, China, Tuesday, March 25, 2014. Furious that Malaysia has declared their loved ones lost in a plane crash without physical evidence, Chinese relatives of the missing marched Tuesday to the Malaysia Embassy, where they threw plastic water bottles, tried to rush the gate and chanted, "Liars!"  (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan)
Relatives of Chinese passengers onboard the Malaysia Airlines plane MH370 scuffle with Chinese police officers outside the Malaysian embassy in Beijing
A ground controller guides a Royal Australian Air Force AP-3C Orion on the tarmac upon its return from a search for Malaysian Airlines flight MH370 over the Indian Ocean, at RAAF Base Pearce north of Perth
A ground controller guides a Royal Australian Air Force AP-3C Orion on the tarmac upon its return from a search for Malaysian Airlines flight MH370 over the Indian Ocean, at RAAF Base Pearce north of Perth

MALAYSIA says it has narrowed the search for a downed airliner to an area the size of Alaska in the southern Indian Ocean, while Australia said improved weather would allow the hunt for possible debris from the plane to resume.

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The comments from defence minister Hishammuddin Hussein came a day after the country's prime minister announced that a new analysis of satellite data confirmed the plane crashed in a remote part of the southern Indian Ocean, killing all 239 aboard.

But the searchers will face a daunting task of combing a vast expanse of choppy seas for suspected remnants of the aircraft sighted earlier.

"We're not searching for a needle in a haystack - we're still trying to define where the haystack is," Australia's deputy defence chief, Air Marshal Mark Binskin, told reporters at a military base in Perth.

There had been two corridors - based on rough satellite data - for the search. Mr Hishammuddin said operations had been halted in the northern corridor that swept up from Malaysia towards Central Asia, as well as in the northern section of the southern corridor that arches down from Malaysia toward Antarctica.

That still leaves a large area of 622,000 square miles, but is just 20% of the area that was previously being searched.

In remarks to the Malaysian parliament today, prime minister Najib Razak cautioned that the search will take a long time and "we will have to face unexpected and extraordinary challenges".

Late yesterday, Mr Najib announced that the Boeing 777 had gone down in the sea with no survivors. That is all that investigators and the Malaysian government have been able to say with certainty about Flight 370's fate since it disappeared on March 8 shortly after taking off from Kuala Lumpur for Beijing.

Left unanswered are many troubling questions about why it was so far off course. Experts piecing together radar and satellite data believe the plane back-tracked over Malaysia and then travelled in the opposite direction to the Indian Ocean.

Investigators will be looking at various possibilities including mechanical or electrical failure, hijacking, sabotage, terrorism or issues related to the mental health of the pilots or someone else on board.

"We do not know why. We do not know how. We do not know how the terrible tragedy happened," the airline's chief executive, Ahmad Jauhari Yahya, told reporters.

Mr Najib's announcement set off a storm of anguish and anger among the families of the passengers and crew - two-thirds of them Chinese.

Nearly 100 relatives and their supporters marched to the Malaysian Embassy in Beijing, where they threw plastic water bottles, tried to rush the gate and chanted: "Liars!"

Many wore white T-shirts that read "Let's pray for MH370" as they held banners and shouted: "Tell the truth! Return our relatives!"

President Xi Jinping ordered a special envoy, vice foreign minister Zhang Yesui, to Kuala Lumpur to deal with the case, and deputy foreign minister Xie Hangsheng told Malaysia's ambassador that China wanted to know exactly what led Mr Najib to announce that the plane had been lost, a statement on the ministry's website said.

Malaysia Airlines chairman Mohammed Nor Mohammed Yusof said at a news conference today that it may take time for further answers to become clear.

"This has been an unprecedented event requiring an unprecedented response," he said. "The investigation still under way may yet prove to be even longer and more complex than it has been since March 8."

He added that even though no wreckage has been found, there was no doubt it had crashed.

"This by the evidence given to us, and by rational deduction, we could only arrive at that conclusion: That is, for Malaysia Airlines to declare that it has lost its plane, and by extension, the people in the plane," he said.

The conclusions were based on a thorough analysis of the brief signals the plane sent every hour to a satellite belonging to Inmarsat, a British company, even after other communication systems on the jetliner shut down for unknown reasons.

The latest satellite information does not provide an exact location but a rough estimate of where the jet crashed into the sea.

Although there have been an increasing number of apparent leads, there has been no confirmed identification of any debris.

There is a race against the clock to find any trace of the plane that could lead searchers to the black boxes, whose battery-powered "pinger" could stop sending signals within two more weeks. The batteries are designed to last at least a month.

Several countries have begun moving specialised equipment into the area to prepare for a search for the plane and its black boxes, the common name for the cockpit voice and data recorders, needed to help determine what happened to the jetliner.

Mr Hishammuddin said a US Navy deep-sea black box locator was on its way to Australia and would be installed on an Australian navy support vessel, the Ocean Shield, that was expected to arrive in several days.

There are 26 countries involved the search, and Mr Hishammudin said the problems facing the hunt to recover Flight 370 are not diplomatic "but technical and logistical".

The US Navy has also sent an unmanned underwater vehicle to Perth that could be used if debris is located, said Rear Admiral John Kirby, a Pentagon spokesman.

Press Association

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