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Thursday 19 October 2017

Bangladesh offers land to shelter Rohingya Muslims fleeing Burma

A Rohingya refugee man pulls a child as they walk to the shore after crossing the Bangladesh-Myanmar border by boat through the Bay of Bengal in Shah Porir Dwip, Bangladesh, September 10, 2017. REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui
A Rohingya refugee man pulls a child as they walk to the shore after crossing the Bangladesh-Myanmar border by boat through the Bay of Bengal in Shah Porir Dwip, Bangladesh, September 10, 2017. REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui
Members of Hindu Sena, a right wing Hindu group, hold placards as they shout slogans during a protest demanding deportation of Rohingya refugees from India, in New Delhi, India, September 11, 2017. REUTERS/Adnan Abidi
Members of Hindu Sena, a right wing Hindu group, hold placards during a protest demanding deportation of Rohingya refugees from India, in New Delhi, India, September 11, 2017. REUTERS/Adnan Abidi
Supporters of Jamaat-e-Islami, a Pakistani religious group, chant slogans during a rally to condemn ongoing violence against the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in Karachi, Pakistan, Sunday, Sept.10, 2017. (AP Photo/Fareed Khan)
Thousands of supporters of Jamaat-e-Islami, a Pakistani religious group, take part in a rally to condemn ongoing violence against the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in Karachi, Pakistan, Sunday, Sept.10, 2017. (AP Photo/Fareed Khan)
Young supporters of Jamaat-e-Islami, a Pakistani religious group, take part in a rally to condemn ongoing violence against the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in Karachi, Pakistan, Sunday, Sept.10, 2017. (AP Photo/Fareed Khan)
A demonstrator is detained by police during a protest against the persecution of Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in central St. Petersburg, September 10, 2017. REUTERS/Anton Vaganov
Demonstrators argue with police during a protest against the persecution of Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in central St. Petersburg, September 10, 2017. REUTERS/Anton Vaganov
Demonstrators are seen aboard a police bus after being detained during a protest against the persecution of Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in central St. Petersburg, September 10, 2017. REUTERS/Anton Vaganov
Demonstrators attend a protest against the persecution of Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in central St. Petersburg, September 10, 2017. REUTERS/Anton Vaganov

Al-Emrun Garjon and Julhas Alam

Bangladesh has agreed to free land for a new camp to shelter some of the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who have fled recent violence in Burma, an official said.

The new camp will help relieve some pressure on existing settlements in the Bangladeshi border district of Cox's Bazar, where nearly 300,000 Rohingya have arrived since August 25.

"The two refugee camps we are in are beyond overcrowded," said UN refugee agency spokeswoman Vivian Tan.

Other new arrivals were being sheltered in schools, or were huddling in makeshift settlements with no toilets along roadsides and in open fields.

Basic resources were scarce, including food, clean water and medical aid.

Still, more refugees were arriving. An Associated Press reporter witnessed hundreds streaming through the border at Shah Puri Dwip on Monday.

Supporters of Jamaat-e-Islami, a Pakistani religious group, chant slogans during a rally to condemn ongoing violence against the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in Karachi, Pakistan, Sunday, Sept.10, 2017. (AP Photo/Fareed Khan)
Supporters of Jamaat-e-Islami, a Pakistani religious group, chant slogans during a rally to condemn ongoing violence against the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in Karachi, Pakistan, Sunday, Sept.10, 2017. (AP Photo/Fareed Khan)

"Tomorrow we are expecting an airlift of relief supplies for 20,000 people," Ms Tan said.

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has offered two acres near the existing camp of Kutupalong "to build temporary shelters for the Rohingya newcomers", according to a Facebook post on Monday by Mohammed Shahriar Alam, a junior minister for foreign affairs.

A demonstrator is detained by police during a protest against the persecution of Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in central St. Petersburg, September 10, 2017. REUTERS/Anton Vaganov
A demonstrator is detained by police during a protest against the persecution of Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in central St. Petersburg, September 10, 2017. REUTERS/Anton Vaganov

He also said the government would begin fingerprinting and registering the new arrivals on Monday.

Sheikh Hasina is scheduled to visit Rohingya refugees on Tuesday.

Demonstrators are seen aboard a police bus after being detained during a protest against the persecution of Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in central St. Petersburg, September 10, 2017. REUTERS/Anton Vaganov
Demonstrators are seen aboard a police bus after being detained during a protest against the persecution of Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar, in central St. Petersburg, September 10, 2017. REUTERS/Anton Vaganov

Aid agencies have been overwhelmed by the influx of Rohingya, many of whom are arriving hungry and traumatised after walking days through jungles or packing into rickety wooden boats in search of safety in Bangladesh.

Many tell similar stories - of Burmese soldiers firing indiscriminately on their villages, burning their homes and warning them to leave or to die.

Some say they were attacked by Buddhist mobs.

The government hospital in Cox's Bazar has been overwhelmed by Rohingya patients, with 80 arriving in the last two weeks suffering gunshot wounds as well as bad infections.

At least three have been wounded in land mine blasts, and dozens have drowned when boats capsized during sea crossings.

The violence and exodus began on August 25 when Rohingya insurgents attacked Burma police and paramilitary posts in what they said was an effort to protect their ethnic minority from persecution by security forces in the majority Buddhist country.

In response, the military unleashed what it called "clearance operations" to root out the insurgents.

Accounts from refugees show the Burmese military is also targeting civilians with shootings and wholesale burning of Rohingya villages in an apparent attempt to purge Rakhine state of Muslims.

Before August 25, Bangladesh had already been housing more than 100,000 Rohingya who arrived after bloody anti-Muslim rioting in 2012 or amid earlier persecution drives in Burma.

Rohingya have faced decades of discrimination and persecution in Burma and are denied citizenship despite centuries-old roots in the Rakhine region.

Burma denies the Rohingya exist as an ethnic group and says those living in Rakhine are illegal migrants from Bangladesh.

The Dalai Lama said he felt "very sad" about the suffering of Rohingya Muslims, and that those harassing them "should remember Buddha. I think in such circumstances Buddha would definitely help those poor Muslims."

He told reporters on Saturday that he had delivered this message to Burma's leader Aung San Suu Kyi several years ago at a meeting of Nobel Peace Prize laureates.

While Buddhists in Burma also worship the Buddha, they follow a different religious tradition than Tibetans and do not recognise the Dalai Lama as their spiritual leader.

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