'Unwanted' girls choose new names
More than 200 Indian girls whose names mean "unwanted" in Hindi have chosen new names for a fresh start in life.
A central Indian district held a renaming ceremony that it hopes will give the girls new dignity and help fight widespread gender discrimination that gives India a skewed gender ratio, with far more boys than girls.
The 285 girls lined up to receive certificates with their new names along with small flower bouquets from Satara district officials in Maharashtra state.
In shedding names like Nakusa or Nakushi, which mean "unwanted" in Hindi, some girls chose to name themselves after Bollywood stars such as Aishwarya or Hindu goddesses like Savitri. Some just wanted traditional names with happier meanings, such as Vaishali, or "prosperous, beautiful and good".
"Now in school, my classmates and friends will be calling me this new name, and that makes me very happy," said a 15-year-old girl who had been named Nakusa by a grandfather disappointed by her birth.
She chose the new name Ashmita, which means "very tough" or "rock hard" in Hindi.
The plight of girls in India came into focus after this year's census showed the nation's sex ratio had dropped over the past decade from 927 girls for every 1,000 boys under the age of six to 914.
Maharashtra state's ratio is well below that, with just 883 girls for every 1,000 boys - down from 913 a decade ago. In the district of Satara, it is even lower, at 881. Such ratios are the result of abortions of female foetuses, or just sheer neglect leading to a higher death rate among girls.
The problem is so serious in India that hospitals are legally banned from revealing the gender of an unborn foetus in order to prevent sex-selective abortions, though evidence suggests the information gets out.
Part of the reason Indians favour sons is the enormous expense of marrying off girls. Families often go into debt arranging marriages and paying for elaborate dowries. A boy, on the other hand, will one day bring home a bride and dowry. Hindu custom also dictates that only sons can light their parents' funeral pyres.