Amnesty alleges Sudan army used chemical weapons in Darfur
Published 29/09/2016 | 10:31
Amnesty International says it has gathered "horrific evidence" that the Sudanese military has used chemical weapons against civilians, including very young children, in Darfur.
In a report, the Britain-based human rights organisation said its investigation includes satellite imagery, more than 200 in-depth interviews with survivors and expert analysis of dozens of images that suggest that at least 30 likely chemical attacks took place in the Jebel Marra area.
Darfur has been gripped by bloodshed since 2003, when rebels took up arms against the government in Khartoum, accusing it of discrimination and neglect.
The UN estimates that 300,000 people have died in the conflict and 2.7 million have fled their homes.
A recent United Nations report says the Sudanese government continues to violate sanctions imposed by the Security Council over their actions in Darfur.
The report reported violations of the arms embargo, the use of cluster bombs by the Sudanese government and the illegal transfer of intrusion software with electronic intelligence capability among other things.
It also documented numerous human rights violations attributable to the government and the financing of armed groups within the country which act as proxy forces.
Sudan's leader, Omar al-Bashir, is wanted by the International Criminal Court for alleged atrocities in Darfur.
The court issued an arrest warrant for Mr al-Bashir in 2009 for crimes against humanity and war crimes and added genocide to the charges against him in 2010.