Entire population of Canadian city ordered to evacuate from wildfire
The entire population of the Canadian oil sands city of Fort McMurray in Alberta has been ordered to evacuate from a wildfire that officials said has destroyed whole neighbourhoods.
More than 80,000 residents have been ordered to flee as flames continued to make their way into the city.
Alberta premier Rachel Notley called it the biggest evacuation in the history of the province.
Panicked residents packed Highway 63, the only road out of the city, as flames jumped the road.
Fire chief Darby Allen said they did not have an estimate of the number of homes destroyed, but said the fire is burning in several areas in the city's south end and had destroyed a mobile home park.
There have been no reports of serious injuries and Mr Allen said the priority was to keep everyone safe. He said they have requested military assistance and expect the army and air force to start sending out troops within a few days.
Fort McMurray is in the heart of Canada's oil sands region. The Alberta oil sands are the third largest reserves of oil in the world, behind Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.
Most oil sands projects are well north of the community, while the worst of the flames were on the city's south side.
Mr Allen said they are trying to maintain the crucial infrastructure in the city, including the only bridge across the Athabasca River and Highway 63, the only route to the city from the south.
"We appreciate that some of you have lost properties. We have people working here right now that have lost property, too," he said.
Medical staffers who were evacuated to Noralta Lodge, 26 kilometres (16 miles) north of Fort McMurray, were ready when a local woman went into labour.
Fort McMurray mayor Melissa Blake saluted the news on Twitter: "Time for good news. I hear a baby (maybe 2) was born tonight and delivered by @NoraltaLodge! Full service evacuation rocks! #bewellbabies"
Brian Jean, the leader of Alberta's opposition party and a resident of the city, said much of central Fort McMurray is being destroyed by fire, but the fire chief said there had mostly been spot fires which have been extinguished.
"My home of the last 10 years and the home I had for 15 years before that are both destroyed," Mr Jean said.
The wildfire, whipped by unpredictable winds on a day of unseasonably hot temperatures, worsened dramatically in a short time and many residents were given little notice to flee.
The worst is not over because of high temperatures, and strong winds are expected on Wednesday, warned forestry manager Bernie Schmitte.
The blaze, which had burned since Sunday but seemed on its way to being neutralised on Tuesday morning, overwhelmed firefighters when winds shifted quickly and drastically in the mid-afternoon to the south west of the city.
Officials said flames stormed along a ravine and roared into the city and the race was on to get out.
Pictures and video on social media depicted a hellish scene. There was fire jumping roads, burning debris pitched into the paths of cars as frantic residents, lined up bumper to bumper, scrambled to find their way through the thick grey haze.
"It became chaotic, with vehicles trying to swerve and pull out into the ditch," said resident Jordan Stuffco.
Air tankers and helicopters buzzed overhead.
"(With) the heat from the oncoming smoke and the flames, you could see mini-tornadoes forming near the road. It was something out of an apocalyptic movie," he said.
The main road into Fort McMurray was closed at the southern entrance to the city after flames jumped the road.
Pictures posted on Twitter showed long lines of traffic and skies darkened by thick smoke as flames licked the edges of roads.
Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau tweeted that he has spoken to Ms Notley and said the federal government stands ready to help. He urged residents to follow evacuation orders.
As the afternoon wore on and the fire intensified, more and more sections of the city were ordered evacuated until the entire community was ordered out after 6pm.
Carol Christian's home was in one of the neighbourhoods under the order to leave. She said it was scary as she drove to an evacuation centre with her son and cat.
"When you leave ... it's an overwhelming feeling to think that you'll never see your house again," she said, her voice breaking.
"It was absolutely horrifying when we were sitting there in traffic. You look up and then you watch all the trees candle-topping ... up the hills where you live and you're thinking, 'Oh my God. We got out just in time'."
Oil sands work camps were being pressed into service to house evacuees as the raging wildfire emptied the city.
Officials were also evacuating non-essential staff at Suncor's base plant. It is 30 kilometres (18 miles) away and one of the closest facilities to the city. Spokesman Paul Newmarch said evacuees were moving into the plant's work camps.
Will Gibson, a spokesman for Syncrude, which also has a plant north of the town, was himself one of the evacuees heading north away from the flames.
Mr Gibson said he had to flee his neighbourhood via a grass embankment because the fire had already cut off the road at both ends.
"I left my neighbourhood and there were houses on fire," he said. "I don't know if and when I'll be going back."
The large work camps can normally accommodate thousands of workers.
A local radio reporter said a trailer park that had been evacuated on Monday was on fire and flames were advancing towards businesses.
"It's chaos on the roads. People are panicking. It's gridlock on the roads. Flames are right next to a petrol station," said Carina Van Heerde, of radio station KAOS.
The unseasonably hot temperatures combined with dry conditions have transformed the boreal forest in much of Alberta into a tinder box.
The wildfire threat ranged from very high to extreme in different areas.
The province was calling in more reinforcements to Fort McMurray, including 100 more firefighters and a giant helicopter that can dump more than 2,000 litres (500 gallons) of water at a time.