Saturday 21 January 2017

Sierra Leone celebrates end of Ebola epidemic that killed 4,000 people

Umara Fofana

Published 07/11/2015 | 11:05

A file picture taken on August 14, 2014 shows Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) medical staff wearing protective clothing treating the body of an Ebola victim at their facility in Kailahun
A file picture taken on August 14, 2014 shows Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) medical staff wearing protective clothing treating the body of an Ebola victim at their facility in Kailahun

Residents of Sierra Leone's capital held a candlelit vigil and celebrations overnight to mark the end of an Ebola epidemic that has killed almost 4,000 people including more than 200 health workers since it began last year.

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Following 42 days with no new cases, the West African nation's epidemic will be declared officially over on Saturday at a ceremony attended by President Ernest Bai Koroma and U.N. World Health Organization (WHO) representative Anders Nordstrom.

Thousands of people gathered under the Cotton Tree, a massive tree in the centre of the capital, Freetown, overnight for a candlelight vigil organised by women's groups to pay tribute to health workers who died.

"They died so we could live," Fatmata, a university student, said with tears in her eyes. Many of the health workers who died were infected due to inadequate protective equipment and training.

The country's first confirmed Ebola survivor, Victoria Yillia, told the crowd she was "happy that this disease which almost killed me has finally ended". She appealed to authorities not to forget survivors, many of whom have faced social stigma and persistent health problems.

Elsewhere in the city, residents celebrated the end of the epidemic, which forced schools to close, overwhelmed healthcare systems and hurt the local economy.

"We're happy. I feel free again after a period of bondage in the hands of Ebola," said trader Joseph Katta as he clutched a pint of beer at a pub in the suburb of Lumley.

“We are happy to see that no Ebola cases have been reported in Sierra Leone in the past 42 days, and we congratulate the Sierra Leonean authorities and their partners for having contained the outbreak," said Jane-Ann McKenna, Director of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Ireland.

“We are happy to see that no Ebola cases have been reported in Sierra Leone in the past 42 days, and we congratulate the Sierra Leonean authorities and their partners for having contained the outbreak."

"There are an estimated 15,000 Ebola survivors in West Africa, many of whom have ongoing physical and mental health problems. The physical problems include joint pain, chronic fatigue, hearing difficulties and eye problems, which could lead to blindness without prompt access to specialised care.”

“The experience of being infected with Ebola and spending time in an Ebola management centre, as well as all the fear surrounding the virus, can lead to severe depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and mental health problems, including persistent nightmares and flashbacks.”

Ebola has killed more than 11,300 people in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea since the epidemic was announced in March 2014 and about 28,500 were infected, according to WHO data. Sierra Leone's death toll was 3,955 people.

Liberia was declared free of Ebola on Sept. 3, while a handful of cases remain in Guinea.

The 42-day countdown to be declared Ebola-free starts when the last patient tests negative a second time, normally after a 48-hour gap following their first negative test.

Fear of the virus transformed the three countries and hampered efforts in Sierra Leone and Liberia to recover from civil wars.

At the height of the epidemic, the two countries ordered everyone to stay indoors for days at a time in an attempt to identify new cases and slow the disease's spread.

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