Thousands of supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsi took to the streets of Egyptian cities to demand the military reinstate the country's first freely elected leader.
However, Egypt's armed forces, which shunted the country's Islamist ruler from office, looked in no mood to make concessions, putting on a show of force in the skies above Cairo.
Fighter jets screamed over the city, following two formations of low-flying helicopters.
Waving Egyptian flags, members of the Muslim Brotherhood marched in Cairo, Alexandria and several other cities, denouncing what they termed a military coup.
"We are coming out today to restore legitimacy," said Tarek Yassin (40) who travelled to Cairo from the city of Sohag.