Saturday 29 November 2014

High risk of Ebola virus spreading to other countries

Charlie Cooper

Published 02/08/2014 | 02:30

A man sprays disinfectant to stop Ebola spreading in Monrovia, Liberia
A man sprays disinfectant to stop Ebola spreading in Monrovia, Liberia
Margaret Chan, president of the World Health Organisation, arrives for a conference on the Ebola virus in Conakry

West Africa's Ebola outbreak is worse than official figures indicate and is "moving faster than our efforts to control it", the World Health Organisation (WHO) has said.

In a stark warning, Dr Margaret Chan, the WHO's director general, said that if the situation continued to deteriorate the consequences would be "catastrophic" both in terms of loss of life, and economic cost, with a "high risk" that the virus would spread to other countries.

After a week of growing concern over the possible spread of the virus on international flights, Dr Chan said that the focus of the world must be firmly upon those African states which have struggled to contain the virus for six months.

Speaking in the Guinean capital Conakry, alongside the presidents of the three worst- affected countries, Dr Chan said that frightened patients fleeing hospital isolation wards had led to Ebola's "chains of transmission" moving "underground" – meaning that many cases were not being recorded. According to the WHO's official figures, at least 729 people have died in Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria, but the figure is likely to be higher.

The organisation has launched a €75m-Ebola response plan for the affected countries and neighbouring states most at risk of transmission across porous borders crossed by thousands of people every day.

Financial support from the international community will be needed to fund at least 600 more medical staff on the ground in Ebola zones. Dr Chan said that the number of international staff working in the region was "woefully inadequate".

"You are not alone in facing this unprecedented outbreak, with all its unprecedented challenges," she told ministers from the affected countries.

"(You) have made extraordinary efforts and introduced extraordinary measures. But the demands created by Ebola . . . outstrip your capacities to respond."

Dr Chan said that more than 60 health workers were known to have died after treating victims of the outbreak.

However, there is ongoing confusion over the most effective means of combatting the spread of the virus. The leader of Guinea's Ebola taskforce, Aboudacar Sidiki Diakite, told Reuters yesterday that some measures taken by Liberia, where schools have been closed, might have actually helped spread the disease.

"When children are not supervised, they can go anywhere and make the problem worse," he said.

Fears of a global spread were sparked earlier this week when an American citizen died in Lagos, Nigeria, after travelling from Liberia.

The International Air Transport Association has not recommended any restrictions to air travel, but a number of airlines have suspended flights. Emirates is grounding its service to Conakry until further notice because "the safety of passengers and crew is of the highest priority and will not be compromised". Togo's Asky and Nigeria's Arik Air cancelled flights to Sierra Leone.

Patient

The first Ebola patient ever to be treated on US soil was being transported to Atlanta's Emroy University Hospital yesterday. The patient, believed to be one of two US aid workers infected in Liberia, will be treated at a specialist isolation unit.

A spokesperson for the US Centre for Disease Control and Prevention said "every precaution" was being taken to prevent any spread of the infection in the United States. (© Independent News Service)

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