Sunday 4 December 2016

Why Hillary Clinton's outfits will be as important as her policies in her presidential bid

Alexander Fury

Published 22/04/2015 | 12:51

The First Lady channelling Jackie Kennedy in pink in 1998.
The First Lady channelling Jackie Kennedy in pink in 1998.
'Pantsuit aficionado': Clinton in her trademark trouser suit this month

Hillary Clinton is running for president. Why is this being printed in the fashion pages of a national newspaper, you may ask?

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Because no other candidates have appeared on the cover of US Vogue before or since Clinton’s appearance in December 1998, for starters. And because few have elicited the immediate promise of another cover shoot: “All of us at Vogue look forward to putting on the cover the first female President of the United States,” said that magazine’s editor-in-chief, Anna Wintour, in 2013.

The prospective president she was talking about, even then, was Hillary Clinton. I wonder if the promise would evaporate if another, less Vogue-ish option were to rear her head? Unless a dark horse gallops into the race, we won’t know. Thus far Clinton is the only woman, and the Democratic frontrunner.

The potential of Hillary Clinton entering the presidential race – which won’t really heat up until July, when the Democratic Party is expected to elect her as its candidate for 2016 – has ignited excitement that extends far beyond politics. On the one hand, that’s simply because Clinton is a woman – angering some, frightening others, motivating many. On the other, it’s because she is already a celebrity, by virtue of her previous incarnation as First Lady of the United States (Flotus).

The First Lady channelling Jackie Kennedy in pink in 1998.
The First Lady channelling Jackie Kennedy in pink in 1998.

That’s how she bagged that Vogue cover, and why she garners such attention – or, to address it differently, unwelcome scrutiny, particularly when it comes to her sartorial choices. “I remember – everyone remembers – [her] awkwardness with fashion,” comments the American journalist and author Cathy Horyn of Clinton’s entrance to the White House in 1993, when her husband began his first term as President. Horyn was then fashion critic at The Washington Post; she moved to The New York Times during his second term.

And that awkwardness has stuck with Clinton, despite attempts to sandblast it off. If anyone could achieve the latter, it would be Anna Wintour (who declined to be interviewed for this article). Clinton appeared polished and demure on her Vogue cover, dressed by the late Oscar de la Renta, who also designed her 1997 inauguration gown, but that chic didn’t stick.

For all her discomfort, Clinton recognises the power of her appearance. She once famously stated that she could knock a story off the front page by changing her hairdo (probably true), while for the State of the Union address in January 1998, at the height of the Lewinsky scandal, she donned a skirt suit in a vibrant pink indelibly associated with Jacqueline Kennedy at the time of her husband’s assassination. In America, it reads as the colour of a martyred wife; and of a survivor. Clinton is both.

It’s also, pointedly, a colour that could never be worn by a male presidential candidate. Democratic or Republican, male dress is conservative. Clinton’s is too – she’s not the racy type. But, as a woman, she can experiment more. A ball gown, or even a simple but brightly coloured outfit (she wears plenty of Democratic blue) is far more expressive than a male candidate’s sober suiting.

Hillary and Bill Clinton at his presidential inauguration in 1993.
Hillary and Bill Clinton at his presidential inauguration in 1993.

Those choices also open her to plenty of criticism, not all based on subjective taste. Flotus Michelle Obama was roundly criticised for wearing a dress by Alexander McQueen, as opposed to an American label, for a White House dinner in 2011. “We were surprised and a little disappointed not to be represented for this major state dinner,” said the New York-based designer Diane von Furstenberg, president of the Council of Fashion Designers of America. She spoke for the US industry as a whole. A similar charge was levied at Mrs Kennedy for her love of Paris couture (she ended up sporting US knock-offs).

Is Clinton intentionally semaphoring messages through her appearance? Most of the time, no. “I think she was always quite comfortable in her skin, as far as her clothing went, her looks, and her disinterest in fashion,” comments Horyn. “That says a lot about Hillary. She’s of that generation that [believes] you shouldn’t be judged for your appearance, for your hair. I totally get it… [but] with Hillary, it does matter now, in today’s media world.”

That is why Hillary Clinton is appearing in the fashion pages: because what she wears matters, and matters more than it would for male presidential candidates. Their appearance undoubtedly has its own impact: Obama is well aware of his public image, while an American political commentator once joked that the US would never have elected Tony Blair, because of his dentistry. “All image making is calculated, and that includes fashion choices – for both men and women in public roles,” says Kate Betts, formerly editor-in-chief of US Harper’s Bazaar and author of the 2011 book Everyday Icon: Michelle Obama and the Power of Style.

Michelle Obama is the current alpha female in American political life, but she also dominates its culture. She’s a tough act to follow – for a First Lady, or for a female president. “Mrs Obama has been incredibly clever about how she has managed her First Lady status,” says Horyn. “People have abandoned talking about Mrs Kennedy, because Mrs Obama has set the new standard… Right now, the bar has been raised so high.”

'Pantsuit aficionado': Clinton in her trademark trouser suit this month
'Pantsuit aficionado': Clinton in her trademark trouser suit this month

It will be interesting to see how – not if – Hillary Clinton adapts to that newly raised bar. After her self-admitted flip-flopping hairdos (a cardinal sin, states Betts, given that “consistency is the most important requirement of presidential and First Lady dress”) and wavering fashion sense, Clinton is now comfortable in her multi-coloured trouser-suits (to borrow the US parlance, she dubs herself a “pantsuit aficionado” on her official Twitter profile).

But is that enough? “One of the things that Mrs Obama has made so clear is that people do care an enormous amount about your outfit,” says Horyn. “I think that the public does talk about it. Just point to the obsessiveness with celebrities, whether they’re on the A-list or the Housewives of Beverly Hills… Fairly or unfairly, they don’t spend the same time talking about the men.”

Hillary Clinton has called in the big guns – namely Kristina Schake, former communications chief of Michelle Obama, frequently credited with profile-boosting gambits, such as the First Lady’s appearance on American comedian Jimmy Fallon’s talk show in 2013. “I don’t know that she advises Mrs Obama about fashion,” says Horyn of Schake.

“I think Mrs Obama knows exactly what she wants and has wonderful taste in clothes.” What Horyn doesn’t say is that Clinton probably needs exactly that kind of help. “With Mrs Clinton, it’s worth a conversation for her – which I’m sure she’s already had – with people who are very well informed about this,” states Horyn. “If she’s talking to someone who’s worked with Mrs Obama, I think that’s probably smart – to figure out how she can walk the line between what will appeal to contemporary tastes and what will make her feel comfortable, and not betray who she is.”

Hillary Clinton texting on her Blackberry in 2011
Hillary Clinton texting on her Blackberry in 2011

Ultimately, that’s who I hope America will be voting for. And rightly or wrongly, you can bet that they’ll want to know who designs Mrs President’s inauguration gown.

The Independent

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