Boffins' formula theory is spot-on
IF you are one of those people who think that taking a penalty is really a case of hit and hope, then think again.
A British university study has shown that there is a definite formula to the art of the spot-kick, with biomech-anics and psychology crucial to the process. The boffins at Liverpool's John Moores University found that the perfect penalty should be hit at around 65 mph from a run-up of no more than six paces.
The study also recommends that the taker should approach the ball at an angle of between 20 and 30 degrees and should hit the ball high to either side of the keeper. Interestingly, it's claimed that if one follows the formula they will be certain to score although there are miti-gating factors ie if you are an English player at the World Cup.