Lyng first black card victim as football rule changes explained
CIARAN LYNG made an unwanted piece of history in New Ross on Sunday last when he became the first Wexford footballer to be black-carded under the rule changes which came into force on New Year's Day.
Thankfully the scoring exploits of the talented St. Martin's man over the years will ensure he is remembered for a lot more than that when his career concludes, but on this occasion he was in the spotlight for a different reason.
So what's all the fuss about? Here are those self-same rule changes explained in full, starting with a complete outline of what actually came into force on January 1:
1) Introduction of a black card for cynical behaviour fouls.
2) Change in the number of substitutes allowed.
3) Distinction between deliberate and accidental fouls.
4) Definition of the tackle.
5) Introduction of a clearer advantage rule.
6) A player in possession may score a point with an open-handed handpass.
Cynical behaviour fouls
1) Deliberately pull down an opponent.
2) Deliberately trip an opponent with the hand(s), arm, leg or foot.
3) Deliberately body collide with an opponent after he has played the ball away or for the purpose of taking him out of a movement of play.
4) Threaten or to use abusive or provocative language or gestures to an opponent or a team-mate.
5) Remonstrate in an aggressive manner with a match official.
The penalty for the above fouls are:
i) Free kick from where the foul occurred.
ii) Order off offender by showing him a black card *.
iii) Allow a replacement from within the substitutions permitted *.
* Substitutes: Increased to SIX per team; maximum of THREE permitted for black card offenders.
Immediate ordering off infractions (red cards)
1) Striking or attempting to strike with arm, elbow, hand, knee or head.
2) Kicking or attempting to kick with minimal force or with force or causing injury.
3) Behaving in any way which is dangerous to an opponent.
4) Spitting at an opponent.
5) Contributing to a melee.
7) Inflicting injury recklessly.
8) Abusive language towards a referee, umpire, linesman or sideline official.
These are unchanged.
Cautionable infractions (yellow cards)
1) To block or attempt to block with the boot when an opponent is kicking the ball from the hand(s).
2) To prevent or attempt to prevent an opponent from lifting or kicking the ball off the ground by striking an opponent's hand, arm, foot or leg with the boot.
3) To engage in any other form of rough play.
4) To attempt to achieve an advantage by feigning a foul or injury.
The above are all currently existing yellow card infractions.
1) To hold an opponent with the hand(s).
2) To use the fist on or around the body of an opponent for the purpose of dispossessing him of the ball.
3) To charge an opponent in the back or to the front.
4) To charge an opponent:
i) Who is not in possession of the ball, or
ii) Is in the act of kicking the ball, or
ii) If both players are not moving in the direction of the ball to play it.
5) To charge an opponent for the purpose of giving an advantage to a team-mate.
Noting infractions remain unchanged - two notings result in a caution (yellow card) with a third resulting in an order off (second yellow, followed by red).
At all levels a black card results in a player missing the remainder of the game.
Additionally at Senior inter-county level:
Three x black cards = one-game suspension;
Three x double yellow cards = one-game suspension;
A combination of both (totaling three) = one-game suspension.
Only in Senior inter-county league and championship games within the same year.
At all other levels:
Two x double yellows within 48 weeks = two-week suspension.
Two x yellow followed by a black card within 48 weeks = two-week suspension.
A combination of both = two-week suspension.
At all levels except Senior inter-county league and championship.
Deliberate v. accidental fouls
A card shall be issued only where the infraction is deemed by the referee to have been deliberate and not accidental.
The tackle is re-defined as:
'The tackle is a skill by which a player may dispossess an opponent or frustrate his objective within the rules of fair play. The tackle is aimed at the ball, not the player. The tackler may use his body to confront the opponent but deliberate bodily contact (such as punching, slapping, arm holding, pushing, tripping, jersey pulling or a full frontal charge) is forbidden. The only deliberate physical contact can be a fair charge i.e. shoulder-to-shoulder with at least one foot on the ground. More than one player can tackle the player in possession.'
Advantage rule is defined as:
'When a foul is committed the referee may allow the play to continue if he considers it to be to the advantage of the offended team. He shall signal that advantage by raising an arm upright. If he deems no advantage to have occurred, he may subsequently award a free for that foul from where it occurred. The referee shall allow the advantage to run by maintaining his arm in the upright position for up to five seconds after the initial foul or for less time if it becomes clear that no advantage has accrued. He shall apply any relevant disciplinary action.'
Point with open hand
A player in possession may score a point with the open hand or fist.
Frequently asked questions:
1) The new rules sees the introduction of 'black card infractions', in addition to the existing yellow and red cards. Do we have an actual black card?
No, we will be using the referee's black notebook as the 'black card'.
2) If a player who is black-carded is being replaced by a substitute, when may that substitution occur?
At a break in play, subject to there being no delay to the game.
3) Does the limit of three black card substitutes extend into extra-time?
Yes, the maximum number of substitutes allowed for black cards is three over the course of a full game, including extra-time. To recap: in the course of the game the maximum number is six, with three more permitted in extra-time, and the total number of black card replacements allowed is three.