Credit Union is central to our everyday lives
Published 02/08/2014 | 00:00
THERE have been a number of assumptions made in the national media in recent days that the Irish Credit Union movement is in difficulty and that the liquidation of Berehaven Credit Union is somehow indicative of what's going to happen for many of Ireland's credit unions. This is simply not true.
The liquidation of Berehaven Credit Union is an extremely rare occurrence. This is a point that has been reiterated by the Central Bank since the announcement about Berehaven was made.
What is happening at this particular credit union will not impact other credit unions around the country. Each credit union operates as an autonomous entity and so the financial situation at one credit union, will not affect another.
All member's savings are protected under the Government's Deposit Guarantee Scheme and so members should not worry that they will lose their money – this is not going to happen.
Despite what has happened in Berehaven Credit Union, the Irish credit union movement, remains to this day, one of the strongest in Europe and credit unions in this country continue to be a life line for people in local communities, offering accessible financial services to people who have had the door closed on them by the banks.
Credit unions were established over 50 years ago to provide people with a secure place to save and access affordable credit, and this remains the case today. In general credit unions remain robust and well capitalised, and the most recent data available shows many positive indications.
As of the end of March 2014, total assets in ILCU affiliated credit unions in the Republic of Ireland amounted to €12.6 billion (up from €12.47 billion in Sept 2013).
Confidence in credit unions has again been demonstrated by the fact that the number of members, 2.87 million has again increased by almost 70,000 in the last 12 months.
Furthermore savings in ILCU credit unions are up 1.6% for the 6 months to March 2014 to €10.6 billion (following on from an increase of 1.1% for the full year to Sept 2013).
Perhaps most encouragingly of all is that gross loan arrears have reduced substantially in recent years and now stand at €676 million. Also it should be noted that total gross arrears have fallen for nine consecutive quarters, since arrears peaked in December 2011.
Uniquely, credit union members also pledge their savings as security against their loans, which further mitigates risk. Of a total loan book of €3.74 billion, total savings attached were €1.49 billion, which implies that on an aggregate basis, 40% of the loan book is covered by shares.
Credit unions are also required to set aside loan provisions to cover loans in arrears and provision held are now in excess of €700 million. These loan provisions are in addition to other capital reserves held.
Credit unions are required by the Central Bank to hold minimum reserves of not less than 10% of total assets and ILCU affiliated credit unions had €1.91 billion in capital reserves at March 2014, which is some €650 million in excess of the Central Bank requirements.
The Irish League of Credit Unions represents the interests of credit unions in their dealings with Government, the EU, regulatory bodies, accounting and taxation authorities, etc. It does this by ascertaining the views of credit unions and then representing them at meetings and other events, preparing position papers, etc.
Where it is believed that aspects of the legislation or regulation of credit unions is unfair or unduly onerous, the League may run a lobbying campaign to rectify the situation. We are currently involved in a campaign lending restrictions enforced by the Central Bank which we believe often prevent credit unions from lending to members with proven ability to repay their loans. This can prevent credit unions from lending to members who have had to extend the term of their existing borrowings but are now meeting their obligations.
Credit unions traditionally were specialists in providing small loans to their members, however, there is now a real fear that due to excessive regulation by the Central Bank, credit unions are not as well placed to service their members' borrowing needs and people may instead be forced to turn to moneylenders, both licensed and unlicensed.
The League also administers the movement's Savings Protection Scheme on behalf of its affiliated credit unions. This is a fund set up and funded by credit unions since 1989. Its current purpose is to assist viable credit unions whose capital or reserves have fallen below the level required by the regulatory authorities.
In relation to Berehaven Credit Union, the Savings Protection Scheme had made provision for assisting a voluntary transfer to keep the Berehaven office and services open etc. by bringing about the transfer of Berehaven Credit Union to another credit union on a voluntary basis. However, this option was found not to be feasible.
Credit unions are different. They are financial cooperatives, owned and controlled by their members, servicing the financial needs of their communities on a not-for-profit basis, advocating a philosophy of mutual self-help. This is a service that we intend to provide and promote now and in the future, to ensure that ordinary people have a secure environment for their savings and access to modest affordable credit.
Credit unions will continue to prioritise their members and will continue to put their members first. Credit unions are central to the everyday lives of millions of members and remain a very popular financial service provider. We continue to succeed because we have stayed true to our values and ethos. While the future will bring opportunities for growth and innovation, we will be at the heart of communities, serving members' best interests.