Defeat of Soviets sparked Jihadi growth
The terror attack on Garissa University and the Isil advance on a Syrian refugee camp point to a security crisis, says Shona Murray
The terror attack on Garissa University in Kenya, and the taking by Isil militants of most of Yarmouk - the largest Syrian Palestinian camp on the outskirts of Damascus - indicate a dire deterioration in the security situation in the Middle East and North Africa region.
Both jihadist groups responsible spring broadly from the same roots - Al Qaeda - and call for the eventual establishment of an Islamic state, yet their domestic raisons d'etre are different, as made clear by Al-Shabaab's threat to continue attacks in vengeance against Kenya's military presence in Somalia.
"No amount of precaution or safety measures will be able to guarantee your safety, thwart another attack or prevent another bloodbath from occurring in your cities," the group has vowed.