Thursday 29 September 2016

Why an attack on Nice was a clever choice by terrorists

The city has a large Muslim population not confined to ‘banlieues’, and it’s also by far the most right-wing of the French urban centres, writes John Lichfield

John Lichfield

Published 16/07/2016 | 02:30

Policemen walk past several sheets that had been used to cover the dead after they were killed on the Promenade des Anglais in Nice. AFP/Getty Images
Policemen walk past several sheets that had been used to cover the dead after they were killed on the Promenade des Anglais in Nice. AFP/Getty Images
Forensic officers remove one of the many bodies from the scene. AFP/Getty Images
Click to view full size graphic
Floral tributes on the promenade in Nice. AFP/Getty Images

France had just started to breathe normally again. The Euro 2016 football championship had passed off without terrorist attack. President Francois Hollande had announced that the state of emergency, declared after the November 13 attacks in Paris, would lapse at the end of this month. The summer holidays were starting. The economy was beginning to revive. And now this. The truck attack on Bastille Day on crowds watching fireworks at the Nice seafront has all the fingermarks of devilish timing and planning by Isis.

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The attack happened on a day which celebrates the French, and western values of democracy and fraternity. It targeted families, including children and babies, at a moment of joy and relaxation. It targeted a city which symbolises France as the world’s most popular tourist destination and a beacon of joie de vivre.

Forensic officers remove one of the many bodies from the scene. AFP/Getty Images
Forensic officers remove one of the many bodies from the scene. AFP/Getty Images

There is something doubly and trebly terrifying about the use of a banal 20-tonne delivery truck to deliver 84 brutal, callous and pointless deaths.

Guns and explosives the security services can seek to monitor and control. But how can anyone stop a truck from driving into a crowd?

It may well turn out that the perpetrator of Thursday’s outrage was a “lone wolf” – not directly controlled by Isis. That would also be doubly and trebly scary.

Isis may not pull all the strings but its strategy and propaganda have implored sympathisers to find their own methods and opportunities to kill the “filthy French and Americans” and other “miscreants”.

Click to view full size graphic
Click to view full size graphic

The November 13 attacks in Paris were, in a sense, misleading. They needed considerable logistics and planning. The real war now facing the west – not just France – has been openly boasted of by Isis leaders.

It involves random and scarcely planned attacks on Europe as the “soft belly” of the West by individuals inspired, but only loosely guided, by the jihadist gospel of hatred and revenge.

The aim has also been clearly stated: to provoke a white backlash against the Muslim populations of Europe, starting with the 4.7m Muslims in France. This will in turn, Isis believes, recruit many more young Muslims to its cause.

In the wake of the Charlie Hebdo attacks in February last year, the Bataclan and other Paris attacks in November and the Brussels attacks in March, this strategy failed.

Floral tributes on the promenade in Nice. AFP/Getty Images
Floral tributes on the promenade in Nice. AFP/Getty Images

It is to the credit of the vast majority of ordinary French and Belgian citizens that there has been no significant anti-Muslim backlash. It is to the credit of the vast majority of the Muslim populations in Europe that they have rejected the warped logic of Isis.

But how long can we expect people to react with such forbearance and common sense?  The choice of Nice as a target – whether deliberately calculated by Isis or not – is potentially explosive.

Paris and Brussels are cosmopolitan, leftish-leaning, open-minded cities. Nice is by far the most right-wing of the large towns and cities in France, a bastion of the hardest-edged version of Nicolas Sarkozy’s centre right and also of the far right Front National.

A large part of its white population is descended from the “pied noirs” French colonists who were forced

out of Algeria in the early 1960s.

Nice also has a large Muslim population. They live within the city boundaries, not locked away in the “banlieues” or poor multi-racial suburbs like in Paris or Lyon.

If you wanted to light the fuse of race war in France, Nice would be a clever choice.

(Independent news Service)

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