Sunday 1 February 2015

Declaration of caliphate makes Isis even bigger threat

Alex Diaz

Published 30/06/2014 | 02:30

Members loyal to the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) wave ISIL flags as they drive around Raqqa. Reuters
Members loyal to the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) wave ISIL flags as they drive around Raqqa. Reuters
A member loyal to the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) waves an ISIL flag in Raqqa June 29, 2014. The offshoot of al Qaeda which has captured swathes of territory in Iraq and Syria has declared itself an Islamic "Caliphate" and called on factions worldwide to pledge their allegiance, a statement posted on jihadist websites said on Sunday. The group, previously known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also known as ISIS, has renamed itself "Islamic State" and proclaimed its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghadi as "Caliph" - the head of the state, the statement said. REUTERS/Stringer (SYRIA - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY)
Members of Iraqi security forces take their positions during a patrol looking for militants of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) west of Kerbala. Reuters
Members of Kurdish security forces with weapons take cover in a shelter during clashes with the militants of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), in the village of Basheer, south of the city of Kirkuk. Reuters
Members of the Iraqi security forces prepare to fire artillery during the clashes with the predominantly Sunni militants from the radical Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in the town of Dalli Abbas in Diyala province. Reuters
Russian soldiers unload a Russian Sukhoi SU-25 plane in al-Muthanna Iraqi military base at Baghdad airport in Baghdad. The first batch of Russian fighter jets arrived in Baghdad on Saturday to help Iraqi forces battle Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) fighters in the country's north. Reuters
Iraqi security forces patrol after clashes with the predominantly Sunni militants from the radical Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in the town of Dalli Abbas in Diyala province. Reuters
Kurdish Peshmerga troops fire a cannon during clashes with militants of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in Jalawla, Diyala province. Reuters
A vehicle belonging to Kurdish security forces fires a multiple rocket launcher during clashes with Sunni militant group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in Jalawla, Diyala province. Reuters
Families, who fled from violence in Mosul, arrive on the outskirts of Arbil, in Iraq's Kurdistan region. Reuters
Members of Iraqi security forces celebrate near bodies of militants from the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), who were killed in clashes near Samarra. Reuters

The announcement of a formal Islamic state by insurgents in Syria and Iraq is a "declaration of war against the West and al Qaida", experts have warned.

The Islamic State in Iraq and Greater Syria (Isis) group sought to legitimise their leadership of worldwide jihad or holy war by declaring that their leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, is the new caliph or head of state.

Abu Mohammed al-Adnani, a spokesman for the group, called for those living in the area under the group's control in both countries to swear allegiance to Al-Baghdadi.

Around 500 British-linked citizens are already thought to have travelled to the Middle East to fight with the Sunni Muslim group against its Alawite and Shia sectarian foes amid fears that more will join them.

Professor Peter Neumann, from the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation at King's College London, said the significance of today's announcement should not be underestimated.

He said: "It's a declaration of war – not only against the West and all the countries that are currently fighting Isis but, more importantly, against Al Qa'ida. Isis now see themselves as the legitimate leaders of the movement and they expect everyone to fall in line.

"For ideological jihadists, the caliphate is the ultimate aim, and Isis – in their eyes – have come closer to realising that vision than anyone else.

"On that basis, Isis leaders believe they deserve everyone's allegiance.

"This could be the end of al Qa'ida. It depends on how al Qa'ida will respond. Unless they come out fighting, this could mark the end of (Osama) Bin Laden's vision and his legacy."

Prof Neumann said the declaration of a caliphate showed how confident Isis are after making spectacular gains in Iraq in recent weeks following a spectacular collapse by government forces.

"They haven't lost any of the momentum they gained when capturing Mosul," he said.

"On the contrary, they've held on to it, gained more territory and have seen jihadists from other groups swear allegiance to Isis.

"They must think their dream of creating the caliphate is finally coming true, and it's coming true faster and more dramatically than even they expected."

Islamic extremists have long aspired to recreate the Islamic caliphate that ruled over the Middle East for hundreds of years.

Press Association

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