Who needed boring old evidence when we all knew he'd done it?
The legal concept of the "appalling vista" came into our lives in 1980, courtesy of Lord Denning, Britain's top judge. In the infamous Birmingham Six case, he ruled that the men could not challenge certain legal decisions, thereby (temporarily) blocking their attempt to prove they were framed. If this case succeeded, he said, it would inescapably mean the British police indulged in dreadful conduct. This was such "an appalling vista that every sensible person would say it cannot be right that these actions should go any further".