John Costello finds out why more of us are choosing humanist funerals
The simple wicker casket carrying the body of journalist and broadcaster Mary Raftery entered the Great Hall of the Royal Hospital Kilmainham last week, as the latest high-profile humanist funeral took place.
Family and friends gathered as a string quartet played in celebration of the life of the 54-year-old States of Fear documentary maker.
Actor Mick Lally and politician Justin Keating are other well-known figures who have joined the growing number of people choosing a non-religious rather than a church burial ceremony.
"I met Mary on a number of occasions after she asked me four years ago to conduct her father's funeral," says Brian Whiteside, the humanist celebrant who conducted the ceremony.
"In the later stages of her illness, her husband David Waddell contacted me and said she also wished to arrange a humanist funeral.
"Like other such funerals, we marked the sadness of losing the person but balanced that by celebrating a life well lived, which was certainly the case with Mary. We try to capture the essence of the person with words and music."
Whiteside is one of nine Humanist Association of Ireland celebrants. He says: "The closing words focused on the continuum of life -- that you go on living through those you have touched in life.
"This is hopefully somewhat comforting because while we are celebrating the life of someone who was not religious, people are still looking for something more."
Humanist philosophy centres on an ethical belief in humanity and the individual, and is defined by justice, reason and the search for human fulfilment.
Its roots lie in ancient Greece and the philosophies championed during the Renaissance, placing faith in the natural world and its evolution rather than the existence of a supernatural power.
"Interest in humanism is growing and funerals are becoming more and more commonplace," says Whiteside.
"I've been doing this since 2006 and in my first year I did three or four. Last year there were 51. It's not a huge number, but it's growing."
The British Humanist Association conducts around 8,000 funeral services each year.
The latest available figures suggest that the non-religious in Ireland are a fast-growing group, with 186,000 saying they have no religion and a further 70,000 choosing not to indicate any religious belief. When the results of the 2011 census become available, these figures are expected to rise.
"If you take all the religions outside of the Catholic church, there are more non-religious in this country than any other religious grouping," says Whiteside.
However, while the voice of the non-religious is growing, choosing a humanist funeral can still cause difficulties.