IT'S all about the stem cells, and one effective method of extracting stem cells is by harvesting them from umbilical cord blood.
* In stem cell transplants, also known as bone marrow transplants, stem cells replace cells damaged by chemotherapy or disease, or as a way for the donor's immune system to fight some types of cancer and blood-related diseases, such as leukemia. These transplants use adult stem cells or umbilical cord blood.
* Stem cells can be transformed into specific cells that can then be used to regenerate diseased or damaged tissues in people.
* Patients who could benefit from stem cell therapies include people with spinal cord injuries, Type 1 diabetes, heart disease, osteoarthritis, stroke, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, burns and cancer.
Stem cells may also have the potential to be grown into new tissue for use in transplant medicine, for example.
* Researchers are testing adult stem cells to treat other medical conditions, including degenerative diseases such as heart failure.
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