Casual use of cannabis 'can alter brain permanently'
Published 16/04/2014 | 02:30
Experimenting with cannabis on a casual basis damages the brain permanently, research has found.
It is far from being a "safe" drug and no one under the age of 30 should ever use it, experts said.
People who had only used cannabis once or twice a week for a matter of months were found to have changes in the brain that govern emotion, motivation and addiction.
Researchers from Harvard Medical School in the US carried out detailed 3-D scans on the brains of students who used cannabis casually and were not addicted, comparing them with those who had never used it.
Two major sections of the brain were found to be affected. The scientists found the more cannabis the 40 subjects had used, the greater the abnormalities.
Research author, Dr Hans Breiter, professor of psychiatry and behavioural sciences at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, said: "This study raises a strong challenge to the idea that casual marijuana use isn't associated with bad consequences.
"People think a little recreational use shouldn't cause a problem, if someone is doing okay with work or school. Our data directly says this is not the case.
"I've developed a severe worry about whether we should be allowing anybody under age 30 to use pot unless they have a terminal illness and need it for pain."
Anne Blood, assistant professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, said: "These are core, fundamental structures of the brain. They form the basis for how you assess positive and negative features about things in the environment and make decisions about them."
The changes are thought to be the first steps towards addiction as the brain alters the way it perceives reward and pleasure, making ordinary experiences seem less fulfilling compared with drug use.
Jodi Gilman, a researcher in the Massachusetts General Centre for Addiction Medicine, said: "Drugs of abuse can cause more dopamine release than natural rewards like food, sex and social interaction. That is why drugs take on so much salience, and everything else loses its importance."
The study is published in the 'Journal of Neurosciences'. (© Daily Telegraph, London)