James Bond's love of "shaken not stirred" martinis may have actually been due to drinking too much, researchers have said. The famous spy drank enough to induce alcohol-related tremor in his hands.
The experts said that although they appreciated the pressures to drink "when working with international terrorists and high-stakes gamblers", they would advise Bond seek help for how much he drinks.
They said: "We have shown that James Bond's alcohol consumption on average, was between 65 and 92 units a week."
"In 'Goldfinger', he drinks 18 units while having drinks and dinner with Auric Goldfinger before then driving home. In 'Casino Royale', he drinks over 39 units before engaging in a high-speed car chase, losing control, and spending 14 days in hospital.
"Despite his (drinking), he is still described as being able to carry out highly complicated tasks and function at an extraordinarily high level."
The researchers said Bond was at "considerable risk" of developing liver disease, cirrhosis, impotence and other alcohol-related health problems, and was dicing with death.
"We conclude that James Bond was unlikely to be able to stir his drinks, even if he would have wanted to, because of likely alcohol-induced tremor."