Spend more time thinking about how you are going to pay for that car - and you will save money
There are several ways to finance your new or newer car and it's not all about PCP.Our Personal Finance Editor reports
Published 18/11/2015 | 02:30
Motorists are guilty of spending up to six months shopping for a new car. Yet they only take two hours to decide on how they are going to pay for it.
It is frightening to think that most people have no idea how much interest they are paying on their finance - but that's just what a recent survey uncovered.
And that is despite the fact that interest rates topped the poll of the most important factor for car buyers when availing of car finance, a survey commissioned by One Direct, a subsidiary of An Post, shows.
Carried out by Ignite Research on 765 drivers, it found that 94pc of car owners spend up to six months shopping for a new car.
But four-in-10 buyers dedicate just a few hours, or even less, to choosing a finance option to fund their purchase.
The researchers say this indicates how motorists are being blind-sided by the lure of their new wheels over the impact on their wallets.
Again, it is worth repeating that half of all car owners admit they have no idea what interest rate they are paying on their current finance package.
So it is time to get down to basics and understand what is going on - and save yourself some money in the process.
Here are some of the main options available on the market at the moment:
Car buyers don't always realise that the finance they are offered in salesrooms is actually a hire purchase agreement. This was traditionally a forecourt favourite.
The key difference between a hire purchase (HP) agreement and a personal loan is that by buying a car with a personal loan you own the car as soon as you hand over your money.
With a hire purchase agreement, you do not own the car until you pay off every last cent on the HP deal.
At the end of the agreement, the finance company passes ownership of the car to you, provided you have made all the repayments.
Interest rates on HP deals are attractively low. Peugeot charges 0pc over four years on some models.
This knocks spots off the interest charged for a personal loan by a bank.
But with HP it is worth remembering that you can have the car repossessed if you continually miss repayments, while there are a range of fees and charges built into the deals.
If you are having difficulties meeting the agreed monthly repayments you may be charged a fee of €60 if the lender agrees to change the terms of the agreement, according to the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission.
You can have a penalty fee imposed for missed monthly repayments. In addition to this you could have an interest surcharge added in.
But you don't have to rely on the dealer for HP deals. Banks and finance houses are now offering them.
Bank of Ireland have HP deals, with an interest rate of 8.6pc.
AIB has a fixed interest rate of 8.45pc on its hire purchase deals, with a typical agreement for more than four years.
First Citizen, which also offers deals through the State's 1,100 post offices, is offering hire purchase deals, saying that typical interest rates are 8.5pc. The deals only apply to borrowings of more than €4,000.
Banks are back trying to tempt us to take out car loans. AIB offers interest rates of 12.99pc for loans that are less than €10,000.
If you are borrowing more than this, the interest rate falls to 9.99pc.
Permanent TSB claims you can get approval in three hours as long as you have a current account with the bank with your salary going into it each week or month.
It claims to be offering 100pc finance, with no balloon payments.
The interest rate depends on the age of the car you wish to purchase, but your motor must be registered in 2008 or later.
This means that cars registered between 2010 and 2012 will carry a rate of 8.9pc.
Bank of Ireland offers loans for amounts up to €7,000. It says the interest rates can be as low as 7.5pc, but can vary depending on individual circumstances.
KBC offers a 2pc discount for current account customers.
Ulster Bank's representative interest rate of 12.3pc is for loans of €8,000 to €11,999.
Credit union interest rates are competitive, despite each one setting its own.
For example, the St Raphael's Garda Credit Union, one of the largest in the State, has a rate of just 5.06pc for car loans.
To borrow from a credit union you need to become a member first and save with it.
To join your local credit union, you must be living in the area that it serves, but you might also be employed in a company that has a staff credit union or a member of a professional body that runs its own credit union.
The process is much like applying for a loan with a bank in that you'll need, in this case, three recent bank statements and three payslips.
Then it will discuss suitable loan amounts and the duration before processing your application.
It will also ask permission to check your credit history with the Irish Credit Bureau.
Personal Contract Plans (PCP) are becoming dominant in the car finance market.
PCP is essentially a new twist on the old hire purchase agreement.
You pay a deposit, which is typically between 10pc and 30pc of the value of the new car.
You then make monthly payments, which will usually be for three years.
At the outset you agree the number of kilometres you are going to clock up over the period of the agreement. If you keep to this, the car will have a pre-agreed value at the end of the deal, known as the minimum guaranteed value.
At the end of the three years you have a number of choices. You can buy the car outright for the guaranteed value agreed at the start.
Alternatively, you can hand back the keys and walk away.
The option that most people take, and the one the dealer will be hoping you opt for, is to exchange the car for a new model. You finance this with a new PCP deal.
The agreed minimum value for the car you are parting with is effectively the deposit for the new one.
The key thing to remember about a PCP is that you do not own the car unless you buy it outright at the end of the agreed term.
And here is a help with the small print - the bits to remember and watch out for - which consumers often overlook:
* High mileage could mean a lower minimum guaranteed value.
* A lot of wear and tear may also mean you do not get the full value of the car agreed at the start of the deal.
* If you have a crash and the cost of the repairs is greater than 66pc of the original list price then you may also not get the minimum value you were hoping for.
* Because a lot of the repayments are deferred, the interest costs may be low initially, but the total ends up being high over the full length of the agreement.
* Dealers and car company banks are able to offer lower interests rates on the deals for the first three to five years because they retain ownership of the vehicle, lowering their risk.
Take the top-selling Volkswagen Golf. The annual percentage rate (APR) on the entry-level Trendline grade is 5.9pc.
You pay a €5.500 deposit on the on-the-road-price of €21,000, and the monthly cost is €269. This is based on a guaranteed minimum future value of €7,685. On the Comfortline model the interest rate drops to 3.9pc. Rates fall as low as 1.9pc on higher-spec models.
Finally, regardless of what finance deal you strike make sure to take plenty of time over it and shop around for the best terms possible. That way you know what you are getting and you will probably save yourself a good deal of money.