Thursday 29 June 2017

Diabetes-inducing obesity on the rise

A study found an increased risk of adverse outcomes in babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes
A study found an increased risk of adverse outcomes in babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes

The numbers of Irish women who are overweight or obese is increasing, and is accompanied by an increased risk of developing diabetes.

This includes both type 2 diabetes (T2D) - whether pregnant or not - and gestational diabetes, a particular form of diabetes experienced only during pregnancy.

A new study, published in Diabetologia, found an increased risk of adverse outcomes in babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes, when compared to non-diabetic mothers.

The increased risk of various complications for mothers were pre-term birth 30pc; Caesarean section 40pc; pre-eclampsia/eclampsia 70pc; babies born significantly larger than average size (macrosomia) 80pc; respiratory distress 10pc; birth trauma 30pc and cardiac malformations 30pc.

Gestational diabetes and blood sugar are more difficult to control in women who need insulin treatment. Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually disappears after giving birth. It can occur at any stage of pregnancy, but is more common in the second half.

It occurs if your body cannot produce enough insulin - a hormone that helps control blood sugar levels - to meet the extra needs in pregnancy.

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